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      The Future of Africa : Challenges and Opportunities 

      Getting to Africa’s Demographic Dividend

      Springer International Publishing

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          Abstract

          In this chapter, Cilliers defines the demographic dividend and explains its relationship to economic growth, with a focus on the African continent. It first covers the fundamentals of the relationship between population and economics, then offers an in-depth discussion of two key concepts, the demographic transition and demographic dividend. The chapter demonstrates that sub-Saharan Africa’s high fertility rates are a drag on development rather than an advantage, as the region can only expect to enjoy a demographic dividend after mid-century. It then uses scenario analysis to demonstrate that, given the right policy conditions, Africa can accelerate population-driven economic growth by reducing its fertility rate through interventions in education, infrastructure, human capital and, most importantly, women’s empowerment.

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            Book
            978-3-030-46589-6
            978-3-030-46590-2
            2021
            10.1007/978-3-030-46590-2
            Funding
            Hanns-Seidel-Stiftung, http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100016117;
            Book Chapter
            2021
            April 07 2021
            : 71-96
            10.1007/978-3-030-46590-2_4

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