In the conclusion the author summarizes his arguments and research findings, bringing in discussions on some of the initiatives taken by the Dalits and other organizations to link up the issues of caste, nature, and Dalit movements. He points towards the new generation of environmental questions, especially in the context of caste, Dalits, identity, ethnicity, minority, democracy, and development. Dalit–Brahmin encounters in the realm of nature have been antagonistic, but there could be some internal commonalities dissolving the differences and complementing each other at complex levels. He concludes that the linkages between nature and caste, ecology and Dalits, are dynamic, and can offer much in academic research, in the fields of both Dalit and environmental studies. A study of the interplay between them can enrich both arenas providing new visions and insights. Traditional environmentalism and environmental politics have built the bedrock of their politics on community and nation. It is not likely that their concerns will be altered altogether. However, the new generation of environmental activism and writings have begun to pay more attention to hitherto unseen people and unheard voices, with conflicting positions.