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      Economic, Legal and Policy Studies on Health : A Social Science Perspective to Health Studies in Turkey 

      A Comparative Analysis of Taxation Practices during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Turkey and Selected OECD Countries

      , ,
      Peter Lang

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          There is no author summary for this book yet. Authors can add summaries to their books on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          COVID-19 first appeared in a group of patients in the city of Wuhan, China, in December 2019, causing respiratory symptoms. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a global pandemic. As it spreads rapidly globally, the pandemic has damaged many economic units at all scales. Consumption and investment spending are falling while the production chain network is suffering. The pandemic has brought unprecedented challenges to the lives of many people worldwide. Unemployment, and therefore poverty, has increased, with small-scale enterprises particularly at risk of collapse. States have had to rapidly take many steps to support their citizens and businesses during these difficult times to mitigate the impact of these sudden and profound shocks on individual households, businesses, and the wider economy. However, without state economic support, full or partial lockdowns to overcome the pandemic will clearly be catastrophic for businesses and their employees because of the need to cover fixed costs while they remain closed. To overcome such problems, states have offered various solutions, such as direct financial aid programs for the people facing these challenges.

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          The COVID-19 Shock and Equity Shortfall: Firm-Level Evidence from Italy

          Abstract We employ a representative sample of 80,972 Italian firms to forecast the drop in profits and the equity shortfall triggered by the COVID-19 lockdown. A 3-month lockdown generates an aggregate yearly drop in profits of about 10% of GDP, and 17% of sample firms, which employ 8.8% of the sample’s employees, become financially distressed. Distress is more frequent for small and medium-sized enterprises, for firms with high pre-COVID-19 leverage, and for firms belonging to the Manufacturing and Wholesale Trading sectors. Listed companies are less likely to enter distress, whereas the correlation between distress rates and family firm ownership is unclear.
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            IMPLICATIONS OF THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC FOR STATE GOVERNMENT TAX REVENUES

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              The perceived impact of the Covid-19 epidemic: Evidence from a sample of 4807 SMEs in Sichuan Province, China

              Y LU, J Wu, J. PENG (2020)
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                10.3726/9783631853054.003.0015
                963f8f83-92aa-4423-8290-e89a92bcd79a
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