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      The Handbook of Behavior Change 

      The Science of Behavior Change: The Road Ahead

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          Most cited references 44

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          The efficacy of motivational interviewing: a meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials.

          A meta-analysis was conducted on controlled clinical trials investigating adaptations of motivational interviewing (AMIs), a promising approach to treating problem behaviors. AMIs were equivalent to other active treatments and yielded moderate effects (from .25 to .57) compared with no treatment and/or placebo for problems involving alcohol, drugs, and diet and exercise. Results did not support the efficacy of AMIs for smoking or HIV-risk behaviors. AMIs showed clinical impact, with 51% improvement rates, a 56% reduction in client drinking, and moderate effect sizes on social impact measures (d=0.47). Potential moderators (comparative dose, AMI format, and problem area) were identified using both homogeneity analyses and exploratory multiple regression. Results are compared with other review results and suggestions for future research are offered.
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            Yes, but what's the mechanism? (don't expect an easy answer).

             Donald Green,  E Ha,  G Bullock (2010)
            Psychologists increasingly recommend experimental analysis of mediation. This is a step in the right direction because mediation analyses based on nonexperimental data are likely to be biased and because experiments, in principle, provide a sound basis for causal inference. But even experiments cannot overcome certain threats to inference that arise chiefly or exclusively in the context of mediation analysis-threats that have received little attention in psychology. The authors describe 3 of these threats and suggest ways to improve the exposition and design of mediation tests. Their conclusion is that inference about mediators is far more difficult than previous research suggests and is best tackled by an experimental research program that is specifically designed to address the challenges of mediation analysis.
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              Causal Mechanisms in the Social Sciences

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                Author and book information

                Book
                9781108677318
                9781108496391
                9781108733670
                July 04 2020
                July 31 2020
                10.1017/9781108677318
                Book Chapter
                July 31 2020
                : 677-699
                10.1017/9781108677318.046

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