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      Diagnostic Criteria in Autoimmune Diseases 

      Subacute Thyroiditis

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      Humana Press

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          Most cited references 11

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          Thyroiditis.

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            Clinical features and outcome of subacute thyroiditis in an incidence cohort: Olmsted County, Minnesota, study.

            Subacute thyroiditis (SAT), or granulomatous thyroiditis, is an inflammatory thyroid condition associated with pain and systemic symptoms. Few community studies are available. We studied the 160 patients with SAT in Olmsted County, Minnesota, seen between January 1, 1960, and December 30, 1997. Subjects were identified through the medical diagnostic index of the Rochester Epidemiology Project. The overall age- and sex-adjusted incidence from 1960 through 1997 was 4.9 cases per 100,000/yr. In the most recent 28-yr period (1970-1997), 94 patients were identified. In this group, pain was the presenting symptom in 96%. SAT recurred in 4% of the patients 6-21 yr after the initial episode. Corticosteroid therapy was given to 36%. Early-onset hypothyroidism occurred both in patients receiving corticosteroid therapy (29%) and in those not receiving corticosteroid therapy (37%). At latest follow-up, significantly more patients who had received corticosteroid therapy had a diagnosis of hypothyroidism than the group without corticosteroid therapy (25% vs. 10%, P < 0.05; overall rate of hypothyroidism, 15%). Early transient hypothyroidism is common in SAT. Permanent hypothyroidism is less common, and only 15% of the patients are receiving T(4) therapy after 28 yr of follow-up. Symptomatic relief is achieved with corticosteroid therapy, but such therapy does not prevent early- and late-onset thyroid dysfunction.
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              High prevalence of subacute thyroiditis during summer season in Italy.

              Eighty consecutive patients with typical subacute thyroiditis were evaluated. Sex distribution showed a higher incidence in females (F/M 3.2/1), with a mean age of 44 yr. In the majority of patients (51/80 = 66%) the onset of the disease was between June and September (46% in July and August). The remaining cases were distributed in the other months without a clear monthly prevalence. These results indicate that the seasonal distribution of subacute thyroiditis is almost superimposable to that of established infections due to some enteroviruses (Echovirus, Coxsackie A and B viruses), suggesting that summer enterovirus infections may be responsible for a large proportion of cases of subacute thyroiditis.
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                Author and book information

                Book
                978-1-60327-427-2
                978-1-60327-285-8
                2008
                10.1007/978-1-60327-285-8
                Book Chapter
                2008
                : 227-229
                10.1007/978-1-60327-285-8_43

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