This chapter summarizes the key findings of the book and outlines some of the key dilemmas that European and national elites face when addressing the rise in public Euroscepticism. The book has demonstrated that European public opinion can no longer be characterized by a permissive consensus, but rather is highly responsive and deeply divided. The responsive nature of public opinion provides elites with a crucial impetus to craft policies and reforms that reflect what the people want. Yet, the divided nature of public opinion suggests that a one-size-fits-all response to Eurosceptic sentiment will not work. How can the EU move forward? Although no blueprint for reform exists, this chapter suggests that muddling through or federalizing the Union is not the way to address Euroscepticism. Rather the best way forward for the EU is to champion its diversity as a strength rather than a weakness and to develop into a more flexible Union.