Over 23,900 natural species are currently threatened with extinction, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature's Red List of Threatened Species, including 41% of amphibians, 25% of mammals, and 13% of birds. Organisations worldwide are working tirelessly to reverse the decline in global biodiversity, though climate change and human impact continue to negatively affect vulnerable species. Conservation efforts can only be successful if they are built on an understanding of what has historically made, and continues to make, certain species more extinction prone than others.
This article collection below, written by invited experts, looks at ecology and extinction risk-from the ancient DNA biomarkers that indicate environmental activity during historical extinctions, to modern day research in biodiversity loss. The collection assesses the human impact on a variety of species through time, adaptive genetic reactions to environmental change, and the efforts to prevent the extinction of those most vulnerable.
FREE ACCESS TO THIS ARTICLE COLLECTION IS AVAILABLE NOW THROUGH OCTOBER 31, 2017 and always available at subscribing institutions.
|ScienceOpen disciplines:||Entomology, Evolutionary Biology, Ecology, Paleontology, Genetics, Life sciences|
|Keywords:||extinction, vulnerability, selectivity, risk proneness, phylogenetic, mass break extinction, Clovis, megafauna, hunting, extinction, climate change, ancient DNA, evolution, carbon cycling, atmospheric CO2, extinction, molecular rates, genomics, demography, admixture, coalescent, adaptation, de-extinction, museomics, adaptive radiation, biological invasion, conservation, habitat loss, nonadaptive radiation, predation, speciation, species diversity, extirpation, deforestation, fragmentation, resilience, conservation, invasive species, extinction, coextinction, islands, disclimax communities, critical habitat, expenditures, extinction, listing, recovery plan, aquatic, global warming, phenology, range shift, terrestrial, trophic asynchrony, Anthropocene, fire, Pleistocene megafauna, extinctions, nutrients, early Anthropocene hypothesis, evolutionary constraints, epigenetics, genetic response networks, global change, natural selection, mammal, overkill, paleoclimate, paleoecology, Pleistocene, extinction, Caribbean, West Indies, Holocene, megafauna, mammal, Quaternary, biodiversity hotspots, endemism, extinction, species diversity, species threatening|