Atomic Force Microscopy by Yang Gan

This collection is to celebrate the 30th anniversary of atomic force microscopy (AFM).

30 years of atomic force microscopy (AFM)

ScienceOpen Research


atomic force microscopy, AFM high resolution imaging, Nanotribology, AFM Imaging modes, Calibration of cantilever, Calibration of tip geometry, Image artifacts, sharp tips, and image processing, AFM Force measurements and tip-surface interaction, Chemical force microscopy and Force spectroscopy in biology, High temperature, ultrafast imaging

Main article text


    This collection is to celebrate the 30th anniversary of atomic force microscopy (AFM). March 3, 1986 saw publication of the land-marking paper "Atomic force microscope" by G. Binnig, C. G. Quate and C. Gerber (Phys Rev Lett, 56 (1986) 930-933, citations >8,800) with the motivation to invent "a new type of microscope capable of investigating surfaces of insulators on an atomic scale" with high force and dimension resolution.

    Since then, AFM has given birth to a large family of scanning probe microscopy (SPM) or SXM where X stands for near-field optical, Kelvin, magnetic, acoustic, thermal, etc. More than 100,000 journal papers, ~6,000 papers/yr since 2008, have been published if one searches the Scopus database with "atomic force microscopy" or “force microscope”. Nowadays, many disciplines — physics, chemistry, biology, materials, minerals, medicine, geology, nanotechnology, etc — all benefit greatly from using AFM as an important and even key tool for characterization, fabrication and processing.


Coverage of the collection

In this collection, partly because of infeasibility of covering all topics of SPM, partly because of my personal research interests, topics covered here are only those important original research papers and reviews (the most are well-known and a few overlooked) related to topographical characterization in air/liquid and vacuum, imaging modes, calibration of cantilevers and tips, artifacts and imaging processing, surface and interfacial force measurements, chemical force microscopy, nanotribology, force spectroscopy in biology and soft matters, as well as new developments like ultra-fast imaging and metrology applications. About 200 papers will be assembled in this collection.

ScienceOpen Research
28 January 2016


  • Record: found
  • Orcid: found
  • Profile: found

Yang Gan

Collection Information

Main image credit:
Background image credit:
ScienceOpen disciplines: