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    Review of '<b>SWOT Analysis of Solar Pumping Finance Fund (PV Fund)</b>'

    <b>SWOT Analysis of Solar Pumping Finance Fund (PV Fund)</b>Crossref
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    SWOT Analysis of Solar Pumping Finance Fund (PV Fund)

    Sudan is a country with a great abundance of fertile and arable land as well as water resources. However, unstable Nile levels and seasonal rain limit agricultural spans in the year, and agricultural activities far from river banks make it necessary to use underground water. Photovoltaic water pumping systems have been available in Sudan from early times, however high up-front costs for initial investment contributed to halting widespread use of the systems. A recent project developed by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in Sudan, the PV fund, incentivizes the deployment of such systems for farmers by introducing a low-risk finance mechanism. This paper aims to conduct a Strengths, Weaknesses, Threats, and Opportunities (SWOT) analysis on this finance mechanism, and further propose recommendations and alternatives. The study concluded that the strengths are not requiring the beneficiary to provide any guarantees to obtain finance, solving the problem of high-cost PV pumping, distributing risks to the financiers, and attracting farmers and beneficiaries because the repayment period is 4 years. The weak point is the long-term operability. It also provides future opportunities for banks and financial institutions to finance the mechanisms of pumping water, which helps industrial and urban development. The main threats are the government, inflation, fluctuating exchange rates, and difficulty in pricing equipment.

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      This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com.

      Photovoltaic — solar water pumping — PV fund — SWOT

      Review text

      While I appreciate the work that the author has done, there are some issues that must be addressed in the manuscript:

      In the introduction: Write what “GDP” stands for, and why this indicator is important in economic analysis?

      “80% of Sudan’s poor live in rural areas depending on agriculture directly or indirectly” You early mentioned that Sudan’s economy depends on agricultural products…Then how poor lives rely upon it? Would it better to mention the impact of agricultural sector on the economy rather than using this sentence?

      “According to the World Bank, Sudan’s population reached 40.23 million by the year 2015” What is the relationship between the population and agricultural sector?

      “also last year rural areas experienced a huge diesel shortage….” Kindly provide reference/references for this sentence!

      “In 2016 the ministry of water resources irrigation electricity (MWRIE) established Solar Water Pump (SWP)….” Kindly provide reference/references for this paragraph!

      In the paragraph “The SWP in the Northern state implements the innovative National Solar Fund” What do “SWP” and “MoEFP” stand for?...... also “….as the first end-user financing schemes in Sudan” What is your reference for this information?

      What is the objective of this study (should be written at the end of the introduction)

      “This paper aims at conducting a Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT), analysis, of this financing mechanism. SWOT analysis is mainly divided into two clusters, internal and external.” This sentence should be removed to the introduction.

      Before Figure 1, new section should be written to show the general information of the scheme, its objectives and its components!

      The components (Solar Modules, Pump,…..) should be numbered!

      Kindly clarify how the assembly of these components can accomplish the scheme objectives identifying the mechanisms!

      Write about SWOT analysis in the introduction as an overview showing its importance and procedure!

      What are the processes that you carried out to conduct a SWOT analysis in the methodology? You did mention anything about this analysis at all.

      In both Conclusion and Abstract: Quantitative results should be presented as they will help in improving these sections.


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