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    Review of 'Mpemba Effect- the Effect of Time'

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    Mpemba Effect- the Effect of TimeCrossref
    New Physics Explanation of Mpemba Phenomenon
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    Mpemba Effect- the Effect of Time

     Jianan Wang (corresponding) (2021)
    This paper concludes that " time is one of the properties of energy, which is the flow rate of energy from object to space or from space to object. When energy flows from object to space, the time on an object is proportional to the energy density inside the object and inversely proportional to the energy density of the space in which the object is located. When energy flows from space to object, the time on an object is inversely proportional to the energy density inside the object and is proportional to the energy density of the space in which the object is located” Using this time characteristic, the Mpemba effect and "inverse" Mpamba effect are analyzed and a reasonable explanation is given.
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      10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-PHYS.APXTYIJ.v1.RDMYHY

      This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com.

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      Review text

      Thank you very much for inviting me to review this paper. The Mpemba phenomenon is one of the wonders of physics that has long been unsolved. In this paper, the author puts forward a new idea that "time is the flow of energy". On the basis of the author's previous work on "ether - space energy", this paper gives a new interpretation of mpemba phenomenon. The authors' findings provide a complete framework for explaining claims in special relativity, general relativity and thermodynamics about the relationship between energy flow and time. Overall it is a very good job and I must congratulate the author!

      But there's another thing we might want to consider. In Mpemba, hot milk freezes much faster than cold milk, meaning that a slight difference in energy makes a significant difference in time. But in special relativity, keeping a previously stationary object moving at high speed requires a lot of energy to make a significant difference in the speed at which time passes. In general relativity, the situation is very similar, requiring a very strong gravitational field to produce a significant difference in time -- there is obviously no such difference between the Earth and the sun.

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      The reviewer raises a very good question as follows: “In Mpemba, hot milk freezes much faster than cold milk, meaning that a slight difference in energy makes a significant difference in time. But in special relativity, keeping a previously stationary object moving at high speed requires a lot of energy to make a significant difference in the speed at which time passes. In general relativity, the situation is very similar, requiring a very strong gravitational field to produce a significant difference in time”

       

      The answer to this question is as follows:According to the theory in this paper, what affects the time on an object is the energy density of the space in which the object is located and the temperature of the object. Since the gravitational field fills the full cosmic space, it takes a lot of energy to increase its intensity (energy density) a little. Similarly, an increase in the kinetic energy of an object is also an increase in the energy density of the space surrounding the object, and it takes a lot of energy to increase the space energy density a little bit. Since the energy transferred to an object when it is heated is stored within its volume, it takes very little energy to raise its temperature considerably.

      2021-09-10 19:00 UTC
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