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    Review of '<b>How Blockchain Network Factors and Market Forces Determine Bitcoin Returns</b>'

    <b>How Blockchain Network Factors and Market Forces Determine Bitcoin Returns</b>Crossref
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    How Blockchain Network Factors and Market Forces Determine Bitcoin Returns

    The creation of distributed ledgers technologies spirals secured peer-to-peer interactions that pave way for the invention of Bitcoin. Since its invention, the price of Bitcoin has exhibited excessive volatility and has attracted increasing attentions. The study considers the isolated influence of network activities, mining (technology) and market information as fundamental drivers of bitcoin prices. A long-term equilibrium and short-term dynamic relationship is confirmed amongst endogenous system’s variables in the VEC Model. This suggests that any deviation from the equilibrium dynamics due to perturbations of market forces (bitcoin supply and trade volume), mining information (network difficulty, Hashrate and transaction fees) as well as the network activity (confirmed payments and users adoptions) would be minimised. The model explains that the cointegration relationship has a reverse adjustment effect on bitcoin return. This justifies why Bitcoin price, and by implication the return, continues to experience different massive run-up, spiky protrusions, resistance, reversals, strong supports and consolidations in the short. Amongst others, the study recommends that there should be increase in regulation to curb excessive fluctuations that can cause significant loss to the returns and discourage digital investors.

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      This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com.

      Bitcoin, Bitcoin Price, Bitcoin Network Factor, Bitcoin Market Forces, VAR/VECM

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