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    Review of 'Artificial intelligence and the technological turn of public education privatization: In defence of democratic education'

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    Artificial intelligence and the technological turn of public education privatization: In defence of democratic educationCrossref
    The article digs out the urgency of democratization or the continuation of of it in the advent of AI
    Average rating:
        Rated 5 of 5.
    Level of importance:
        Rated 5 of 5.
    Level of validity:
        Rated 5 of 5.
    Level of completeness:
        Rated 5 of 5.
    Level of comprehensibility:
        Rated 5 of 5.
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    Artificial intelligence and the technological turn of public education privatization: In defence of democratic education

     Kenneth J. Saltman (corresponding) (2020)
    This article considers how the development of for-profit artificial intelligence (AI) technologies fosters the privatization of public education and erodes the values and practices of democratic education. The introduction situates the advent of digital technologies in the context of the structural economic and ideological shifts of the past 40 years. Such changes include neo-liberal restructuring, the repressive school and social turn, changes in the use of positivist ideology in schooling, the role of new technologies in social and cultural reproduction and changing imperatives for capital accumulation. The article illustrates different uses of AI as part of the technological turn of public education privatization. Examples include: (1) adaptive learning technology, and transformations to teacher work and conceptions of knowledge and learning; (2) biometric pedagogy and the cultural politics of locating learning in the body; and (3) the convergence of impact investing and digital surveillance technologies. The article considers how changes in the ownership and control over different aspects of public education relate to the cultural politics of knowledge and learning. It also examines how, under the guise of disinterested objectivity and neutrality, particular class and cultural ideologies and interests are promoted through new technologies, with significant pedagogical, cultural, economic and political implications. The article concludes by arguing that AI education is a site of cultural and political contestation and must be comprehended as a form of representational politics. By showing a critical pedagogical AI project, the article suggests that the anti-democratic tendencies of most AI education is hardly inevitable or determined, but rather represents a replication of long-standing ideologies.
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      Review information

      10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-SOCSCI.ACBUYU.v1.RHAFOX

      This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com.

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      The paper has directed the attention of the readers towards the specific way of thought-provoking through the abstract and the introduction places all reasonable ideas categorically to affirm the mega-trends of the society towards education and educational policy.

      The thought-provoking article ascends to the height of its core belief projection amid the massive liberalization of artificial intelligence and its probable blow on the educational sector. 

      The concluding part has been a literary presentation of defensive comments. It is a new look in the liberalized society of information technology, though it seems an unnecessary extension of ideas. 

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