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      Advances and Open Questions in the Science of Subjective Well-Being

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      Collabra. Psychology

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          Abstract

          Subjective well-being (SWB) is an extremely active area of research with about 170,000 articles and books published on the topic in the past 15 years. Methodological and theoretical advances have been notable in this period of time, with the increasing use of longitudinal and experimental designs allowing for a greater understanding of the predictors and outcomes that relate to SWB, along with the process that underlie these associations. In addition, theories about these processes have become more intricate, as findings reveal that many associations with SWB depend on people’s culture and values and the context in which they live. This review provides an overview of many major areas of research, including the measurement of SWB, the demographic and personality-based predictors of SWB, and process-oriented accounts of individual differences in SWB. In addition, because a major new focus in recent years has been the development of national accounts of subjective well-being, we also review attempts to use SWB measures to guide policy decisions.

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          Most cited references 227

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          Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index.

           Ed Diener (2000)
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            New Well-being Measures: Short Scales to Assess Flourishing and Positive and Negative Feelings

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              A survey method for characterizing daily life experience: the day reconstruction method.

              The Day Reconstruction Method (DRM) assesses how people spend their time and how they experience the various activities and settings of their lives, combining features of time-budget measurement and experience sampling. Participants systematically reconstruct their activities and experiences of the preceding day with procedures designed to reduce recall biases. The DRM's utility is shown by documenting close correspondences between the DRM reports of 909 employed women and established results from experience sampling. An analysis of the hedonic treadmill shows the DRM's potential for well-being research.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                101722437
                47387
                Collabra Psychol
                Collabra Psychol
                Collabra. Psychology
                2474-7394
                25 October 2018
                24 May 2018
                2018
                11 January 2019
                : 4
                : 1
                Affiliations
                Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA and Department of Psychology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT
                Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI
                Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA
                Author notes
                Send Reprint Requests to: Ed Diener, ediener@ 123456illinois.edu
                Article
                PMC6329388 PMC6329388 6329388 nihpa994000
                10.1525/collabra.115
                6329388
                30637366
                29e0f396-3e9f-46fe-b3ef-e022a12b807d
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