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      Toxic Effects of Systemic Retinoids on Meibomian Glands

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          Abstract

          Systemic use of retinoids is common in the treatment of various dermatological disorders. Blepharitis and conjunctivitis have been reported in 20–45% of the patients following systemic treatment with 13-cis-retinoic acid. Our purpose was to study the histopathological changes in the eyelids caused by long-term systemic treatment of female New Zealand rabbits with isotretinoin (2 mg/kg) and etretinate (2 mg/kg). The histopathological evaluation showed degenerative changes in the meibomian gland acini, leading to cell necrosis and a decrease in the basaloid cells lining the acini walls. No evidence of acute or chronic inflammatory reaction was noted.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          ORE
          Ophthalmic Res
          10.1159/issn.0030-3747
          Ophthalmic Research
          S. Karger AG
          0030-3747
          1423-0259
          1994
          1994
          11 December 2009
          : 26
          : 2
          : 124-128
          Affiliations
          Departments of aOphthalmology and bDermatology, Beilinson Medical Center, Petah Tiqva; cDepartment of Pathology, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, University of Tel Aviv, Israel
          Article
          267402 Ophthalmic Res 1994;26:124–128
          10.1159/000267402
          8196934
          © 1994 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Original Paper

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