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      Estradiol Rapidly Stimulates Dopamine Release from the Posterior Pituitary in vitro

      ,

      Neuroendocrinology

      S. Karger AG

      Opioid, Estradiol, Dopamine, Posterior pituitary, Stalk-median eminence

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          Abstract

          Dopamine (DA) from both the posterior pituitary (PP) and stalk-median eminence (SME) inhibits prolactin (PRL) secretion from the anterior pituitary. Estradiol participates in the regulation of PRL release, in part by modulating DA release from the SME. However, little is known concerning the effects of estradiol on the release of DA from the PP. The objective of this study was to examine whether estradiol rapidly affects the potassium-evoked release of endogenous DA from the PP and SME in vitro. Tissues were dissected from ovariectomized rats and allowed to equilibrate in media for 30 min.Two pulses of 28 m M K<sup>+</sup>, 3 min each, were then given 30 min apart. Test substances were added 20 min before the second stimulus. DA in the media was determined by HPLC. Estradiol, at a concentration of 1 and 10 n M, significantly stimulated the potassium-evoked DA release from the PP by 34 and 47%, respectively. This stimulation was specific since 17α-estradiol, a biologically inactive isomer, and testosterone, were without effects. Estradiol did not alter DA release from either the SME or isolated neural lobes of the PP. Naloxone, an opioid receptor antagonist, abolished the estradiol-induced stimulation of DA release from the PP. In contrast, amphetamine, a DA-releasing agent, significantly increased DA release in the presence of naloxone. In conclusion, estradiol stimulates DA release from the PP but not the SME or neural lobe; this effect is rapid and stereospecific, and the effects of estradiol appear to be mediated via an opioid(s) peptide(s) from the intermediate lobe.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1991
          1991
          04 April 2008
          : 53
          : 6
          : 601-607
          Affiliations
          Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Ind., USA
          Article
          125780 Neuroendocrinology 1991;53:601–607
          10.1159/000125780
          1876237
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Original Paper

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