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      Effects of the putative dopamine D3 receptor antagonist PNU 99194A on motor behavior and emotional reactivity in C57BL/6J mice.

      European Journal of Pharmacology
      Animals, Dopamine Antagonists, pharmacology, Dopamine D2 Receptor Antagonists, Emotions, drug effects, Habituation, Psychophysiologic, Indans, Male, Maze Learning, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Motor Activity, Receptors, Dopamine D3, Social Isolation

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          Due to the regional expression of D3 dopamine receptors in limbic areas of the brain, there has been considerable interest in the potential role of this receptor subtype in mediating emotional behavior. Previous studies in habituated rats have shown that the putative dopamine D3 receptor antagonist 5,6-dimethoxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)indan (PNU 99194A) increased locomotor behavior. The present study examined the effects PNU 99194A on motor and emotional behaviors in C57BL/6J mice. Motor behavior was assessed in both habituated and nonhabituated mice. Emotional behavior was assessed using the elevated plus-maze and a social context involving an isolated C57BL/6J mouse and a nonaggressive conspecific. In mice habituated to the activity chamber prior to drug administration, PNU 99194A increased locomotion and rearing at lower doses (5, 10 mg/kg) whereas higher doses (20, 30 mg/kg) reduced these behaviors early in the test session. Thigmotaxis was increased independently of the effects on motor behavior. In mice exposed to the activity chamber for the first time, PNU 99194A produced a weak motor activation at lower doses and an initial decrease in motor behavior at higher doses that was followed by an increase in locomotion later in the test session. PNU 99194A had no systematic effects on activity in the elevated plus-maze, but dose-dependently increased flight reactivity in the social reactivity paradigm. These and previous findings raise questions about the role of dopamine D3 receptors in mediating motor behavior and emotional reactivity as well as the pharmacology of this putative dopamine D3 receptor antagonist.

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