Vagus-induced atrial fibrillation is of particular clinical interest. The muscarinic potassium current I(K(ACh)) mediates the induction of vagus-induced atrial fibrillation. Selective inhibition of I(K(ACh)) seems to be an option to treat atrial fibrillation. The application of amiodarone, presently one of the most important antiarrhythmic agents in the parmacological treatment of atrial fibrillation, is limited by its adverse effects. KB130015, a new amiodarone derivative, and ibutilide are new class III antiarrhythmic agents.