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      Neuropeptide-Y stimulates CRF-41 release from rat hypothalami in vitro.

      1 , , ,

      Brain research

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          Abstract

          There is increasing evidence that neuropeptide-Y (NPY) exerts a stimulatory effect on the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis. Although it has been suggested that this stimulatory effect may be mediated via an action on hypothalamic CRF-41 release, direct measurements have not previously been made. In this study, the direct effect of NPY on hypothalamic CRF-41 secretion has been investigated in vitro using acute hypothalamic explants and previously described incubation techniques. NPY in the concentration range 10(-8)-10(-5) M produced a dose-dependent stimulation of CRF-41 release which was maximum at a concentration of 10(-6) M. The possibility that this stimulatory effect might reflect an interaction with noradrenergic inputs to CRF-41 neurons was excluded by incubating the hypothalami in the presence of NPY in combination with either the beta-adrenoceptor antagonist, propranolol (10(-5) M), or the alpha 1-adrenoceptor antagonist, prazosin (10(-5) M); neither inhibited NPY-stimulated CRF-41 release, suggesting that this effect is unrelated to noradrenergic pathways and is exerted through distinct receptor mechanisms. Furthermore, norepinephrine-stimulated (10(-8)-10(-6) M) CRF-41 release was not potentiated in the presence of NPY (10(-6) M). In summary, these data provide evidence for a direct stimulatory effect of NPY on CRF-41 secretion from the rat hypothalamus in vitro. This effect is independent of catecholaminergic interactions, suggesting that it is mediated either directly on CRF-41 neurons or through non-catecholaminergic neuronal systems.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Brain Res.
          Brain research
          0006-8993
          0006-8993
          Nov 13 1989
          : 502
          : 1
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Endocrinology, St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London, U.K.
          Article
          0006-8993(89)90472-1
          2819453
          91101df6-2bc3-4f33-abdc-171643f5bd95

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