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      Risk of hospitalization and sequelae in patients with COVID-19 treated with 3-day early remdesivir vs. controls in the vaccine and Omicron era: A real-life cohort study.

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          Recently, a benefit from administration of a 3-day course of early remdesivir (ER) in the outpatients' setting was reported. However, real-life data on its use is scarce. Therefore, we explored the ER clinical outcome in our outpatients' s cohort, compared to untreated controls. We included all patients who were prescribed ER from February to May 2022 and followed them up for 3 months and compared patients who received treatment with untreated controls. In the two groups the following outcomes were investigated: hospitalization and mortality rate, time of negativization and symptom's resolution, and postacute coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) syndrome prevalence. Overall, 681 patients were analyzed, mostly females (53.6%), and with a median age of 66 years (interquartile range: 54-77), 316 (46.4%) patients received ER, and 365 (53.6%) did not receive antiviral treatment (control group). Overall, 8.5% patients eventually required oxygen support, 8.7% were hospitalized for COVID-19, and 1.5% died. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) immunization and ER (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 0.049 [0.015; 0.16], p < 0.001) independently reduced hospitalization risk. ER was significantly associated with a shorter duration of SARS-CoV-2 positivity at nasopharyngeal swabs (aβ -8.15 [-9.21; -7.09], p < 0.001) and of symptoms (aβ -5.11 [-5.82; -4.39], p < 0.001), and with lower rate of COVID-19 sequelae compared to control group (aOR: 0.18 [0.10; 0.31], p < 0.001). Even in the SARS-CoV-2 vaccination and Omicron era, in patients at high risk of developing severe disease, ER demonstrated to have a good safety profile and to significantly reduce the risk of disease progression and COVID-19 sequelae compared to untreated controls.

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          Author and article information

          J Med Virol
          Journal of medical virology
          Mar 2023
          : 95
          : 3
          [1 ] Department of Molecular Medicine, Infectious and Tropical Diseases Unit, Padua University Hospital, Padua, Italy.
          [2 ] Infectious Disease Unit, Department of Medical Sciences at Amedeo di Savoia Hospital, University of Torino, Torino, Italy.
          [3 ] Department of Hospital Pharmacy, Padua University Hospital, Padua, Italy.
          [4 ] Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Padua, Padua, Italy.

          COVID-19,remdesivir,efficacy,early treatment,3-day
          COVID-19, remdesivir, efficacy, early treatment, 3-day


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