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      Gender Equality, Albanian National Mechanism Within the Framework of EU Legislation

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          Abstract

          Gender equality is a cornerstone in the process of Albania’s integration into the European Union. Although gender equality terminology was once considered impossible, progressive steps have now been taken to increase female involvement at the top of public office, decision-making, and local government. The continuous political changes of our country have created a huge legal gap over the role of women in society. Political and economic reforms after the 1990s aimed to create an equitable system of benefits between women and men, concerning their freedoms and personal rights. It is very important to emphasize that gender equality policies have an impact on improving the welfare of society by creating a parity that aims to flourish in a modern state. Reforming the legal framework on gender equality policies in Albania is a challenge, but its implementation is a considerable legal treasure trove for human rights. The same treatment of both genders will lead to the national restructuring of the monetary and human resources which will be governed by the treaties ratified by our state in creating a very good legal guide to the implementation of European standards.

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          Most cited references3

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          Some consideration about the gender violence in two States of Eastern and Western Europe

          The purpose of the essay is to overcome interpretative dualism between Italian people and Serbian people about gender violence against women. In a comparative approach it will find elements of continuity between the decline of male domination in Italy and the decline of patriarchal power in Serbia as a result of a variety of historical and social causes that, inside the paper, are explained. The emancipation of women finds a block in the violence suffered by partners in some familiar contexts. While globalization and unemployment seem to deprive men of the marks of traditional power, but “men in decline” have an post-patriarchal “identity revanche” in assuming the dominant role of perpetrators in private life. Gender violence ‒ is pessimistic conclusion of Ignazia Bartholini ‒ has an instrumental function within the relational dynamics otherwise destined to run out; has a substantive valence and specific characteristics of type cultural, ethnic, sexual able to give meaning to reality of men otherwise dispossessed of their identity.
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            Aspects of government policies in the fields of economy and entrepreneurship from the gender viewpoint

            Nadia Rusi (2015)
            The equal access of women and men to goods and economic services plays an important role in achieving gender equality and empowerment of women. Gender equality, in the distribution of economic and financial resources, encompasses a multiple positive effect on the fulfillment of the key priorities to increase welfare and the living standard in the society. It contributes to the consolidation of the women’s rights by enabling them to initially manage and control their own life and consequently influence on the society. Removing gender bias in the economic level affects not only the improvement of the women’s own situation, but also the growth of the children’ s welfare and that of the other family members, considering that women spend a part of their time and costs for the later.
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              • Abstract: found
              • Article: found
              Is Open Access

              The Albanian legal framework on non-discrimination and gender equality in employment relationships

              Ilir Rusi (2012)
              Discrimination and gender inequality in employment relationships are present in every society, at any time and whatever their victim is. With the development of society, despite the measures taken to prevent discrimination, this phenomenon continues to be present and appears in different forms. In a society with economic civilization and culture development, people cannot explain why do such phenomena that become an obstacle to the realization of a right as the right to employment exist, when it is sanctioned and guaranteed by the Constitution of the Republic of Albania, in international conventions ratified by our country, in the Labor Code and particular laws, such as the “Gender Equality law”. Discrimination in employment relationships and in the workplace continues to appear in its traditional format based on gender, race, ethnic origin, religion, age but also in new forms based on disability, sexual orientation, genetics and lifestyle. Despite all efforts to prevent discrimination, this phenomenon has always been a threat to all individuals seeking to enter into an employment relationship. We all have the right to work, to be treated equally during a competition for a particular job, to get a fair wage, to be paid equally with others for the same job, to get promotion, to be safety in work, to get vocational training and retraining benefits without being discriminated of race, religion, age, gender, political belief, sexual orientation, etc. However, the first opportunity for discrimination is encountered from the moment when hiring an individual. But, despite the momentum when we are faced with discrimination or one of its kind, there should be placed great attention by the State through the relevant authorities and by the society itself by denouncing it. We shouldn’t be subject of violation of the right to employment and equal treatment in employment relations. Not without reason the two principles: the principle of prohibition of discrimination and gender equality are two principles enshrined in international conventions, giving it a great importance. In this paper there is addressed the Albanian legal framework that sanctioned and guaranteed the principles of prohibition of discrimination and gender equality, as the Constitution of the Republic of Albania, the Labor Code, the law on “Gender Equality in Albania”, as well as institutional mechanisms to ensure gender equality in Albania.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Academicus : International Scientific Journal
                Academicus Journal
                01 March 2019
                : MMXIX
                : 19
                : 156-164
                Article
                3895cf80d16947c9960601b67ba46f92
                10.7336/academicus.2019.19.11
                209371a6-c61b-4276-b94c-a9c208f996b1

                Distributed under the terms of the https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/, which permits noncommercial use and distribution in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited, and the original work is not modified.

                History
                Categories
                Social Sciences
                H
                Economics as a science
                HB71-74

                Sociology,Political science,Social & Behavioral Sciences,Law,Philosophy,Economics
                gender equality; reform; social integration; challenge; monitoring; convention; Europe

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