A retrospective study was done to determine the presence of abdominal angiostrongyliasis in Nicaragua. Twelve cases of this parasitic disease were found among 48 visceral specimens: small intestine, liver and testes. The patients with intestinal lesions presented symptoms of an acute abdomen, and in some instances, a tumor-like mass was palpated in the lower right quadrant. A thickening of the intestinal wall accompanied by necrosis and perforation were the most important macroscopic findings. One patient with hepatic localisation of Angiostrongylus costaricencis displayed a clinical picture of visceral larva migrans-like syndrome. The chief laboratory findings were leukocytosis and eosinophilia. The histopathological examination showed granulomas and heavy eosinophilic infiltration around the eggs and larvae of A. costaricencis. Also, an adult worm was seen in one biopsy.