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      Sources of method bias in social science research and recommendations on how to control it.

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          Abstract

          Despite the concern that has been expressed about potential method biases, and the pervasiveness of research settings with the potential to produce them, there is disagreement about whether they really are a problem for researchers in the behavioral sciences. Therefore, the purpose of this review is to explore the current state of knowledge about method biases. First, we explore the meaning of the terms "method" and "method bias" and then we examine whether method biases influence all measures equally. Next, we review the evidence of the effects that method biases have on individual measures and on the covariation between different constructs. Following this, we evaluate the procedural and statistical remedies that have been used to control method biases and provide recommendations for minimizing method bias.

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          Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies.

          Interest in the problem of method biases has a long history in the behavioral sciences. Despite this, a comprehensive summary of the potential sources of method biases and how to control for them does not exist. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to examine the extent to which method biases influence behavioral research results, identify potential sources of method biases, discuss the cognitive processes through which method biases influence responses to measures, evaluate the many different procedural and statistical techniques that can be used to control method biases, and provide recommendations for how to select appropriate procedural and statistical remedies for different types of research settings.
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            Self-Reports in Organizational Research: Problems and Prospects

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              Structural Equations with Latent Variables

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Annu Rev Psychol
                Annual review of psychology
                Annual Reviews
                1545-2085
                0066-4308
                2012
                : 63
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Department of Management, Kelley School of Business, Indiana University, Bloomington, 47405, USA. podsakof@indiana.edu
                Article
                10.1146/annurev-psych-120710-100452
                21838546
                cf39a3b9-380a-4eec-995c-d29998f1f19e
                History

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