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      Role of renal nerves in volume expansion in chronic hypoxic rats.

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      Renal physiology and biochemistry

      S. Karger AG

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          Abstract

          This work was designed to study the significance of the renal nerves in chronic hypoxic (high-altitude; HA) rats after saline loading. Female Wistar rats (200-290 g) under sodium pentobarbital (40 mg/kg i.p.) anesthesia were used in these experiments. Hypoxia was induced by placing the rats in an altitude chamber (5,500 m) for 4 weeks. Both the renal efferent nervous activity (RENA) and the renal afferent nervous activity (RANA) were recorded simultaneously throughout the experimental period. It was found that the responses of RENA and RANA to an intravenous saline infusion (10 ml, 10 min) were significantly different between the sea level (SL) control and HA rats. In SL rats, a depression of RENA was found; the depressed RENA had not recovered 80 min after cessation of the saline infusion. In HA rats, an initially depressed RENA was also found; however, it returned to the control level within 10 min following the cessation of saline infusion. RANA enhanced twice a few minutes after saline loading in SL rats; however, the changes of RANA in HA rats were not significant. In both groups of rats, whether renally denervated or intact, the amount of excretory urine and sodium after saline loading was unchanged. The renal norepinephrine levels were also measured by a high-pressure liquid chromatography system in both groups of rats, and it was found that the renal norepinephrine content of the HA rats was significantly higher than in the SL rats.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Ren. Physiol. Biochem.
          Renal physiology and biochemistry
          S. Karger AG
          1011-6524
          1011-6524
          May 1 1995
          : 18
          : 3
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Physiology, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.
          Article
          10.1159/000173912
          7542795

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