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      La amenaza del cambio climático a la salud de la población y la necesidad urgente de actuar Translated title: The threat of climate change on population health and the urgent need to act

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          Translated abstract

          Climate change is associated with negative health outcomes, such as cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. This article analyses the threat of climate change on population health and the urgent need to implement measures to avoid this damage. Heat vulnerability, heatwave exposures, and wildfire exposure to forest fires have increased in Chile. In 2018, the annual mean concentration of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exceeded the safe level proposed by the World Health Organization, increasing the risk of negative health outcomes. Thus, multidisciplinary and intersectoral mitigation and adaptation policies are needed. Among other elements, mental health impacts of climate change, health education provided by health workers to reduce negative health impacts of climate change, greater engagement of academia to generate evidence useful for policy-making processes and a better articulation between central and local governments should be considered. Finally, achieving a healthy population should be the aim of all these policies and efforts.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          rmc
          Revista médica de Chile
          Rev. méd. Chile
          Sociedad Médica de Santiago (Santiago, , Chile )
          0034-9887
          November 2020
          : 148
          : 11
          : 1652-1658
          Affiliations
          [4] Santiago Santiago de Chile orgnamePontificia Universidad Católica de Chile orgdiv1Escuela de Medicina orgdiv2Departamento Salud Pública Chile
          [8] Santiago Santiago de Chile orgnameUniversidad de Chile orgdiv1Escuela de Salud Pública Chile
          [5] orgnameFONDAP orgdiv1Advanced Center for Chronic Diseases Chile
          [7] orgnameIlustre Municipalidad de Renca orgdiv1Departamento de Medioambiente, Aseo y Ornato Chile
          [3] Santiago Santiago de Chile orgnamePontificia Universidad Católica de Chile orgdiv1Escuela de Ingeniería Chile
          [6] orgnameFONDAP orgdiv1Centro de Desarrollo Urbano Sustentable Chile
          [1] Londres orgnameUniversity College London orgdiv1Institute for Global Health United Kingdom
          [2] Santiago orgnameUniversidad de los Andes orgdiv1Escuela de Enfermería Chile
          Article
          S0034-98872020001101652 S0034-9887(20)14801101652
          6251a817-38a0-41cb-bc40-eb447eb0bbd7

          This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

          History
          : 23 July 2020
          : 31 December 2019
          Page count
          Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 38, Pages: 7
          Product

          SciELO Chile

          Categories
          ARTICULO ESPECIAL

          Public Policy,Population Health,Environment and Public Health,Climate Change

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