Anticardiolipin (aCL) antibodies have been described in diverse clinical situations, linked to the risk of thrombosis in different vascular locations. They have been rarely studied in renal diseases, and occasionally they have been associated with glomerular thrombosis. We analyzed the incidence of aCL (isotypes IgG, IgA, and IgM) in samples, taken during the acute phase of the disease, from 27 well-documented patients having acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis. Twelve cases were positive on IgG testing, 1 case on IgA testing only, and no one was positive on IgM testing. A serological follow-up was performed with a second sample taken about 7 months later, for the patients initially positive on IgG testing showing persistence in 9. Clinical variables during the acute phase and after a follow-up period of 25 (range 6-89) months were analyzed for possible associations with the presence of these antibodies, but non was significantly related. Renal histopathological investigation did not reveal particular findings in the aCL-positive patients, and glomerular thrombosis was not found in any case. In addition, serum samples from 12 streptococcal impetigo patients without renal involvement were analyzed, showing similar incidence (4 positive on IgG testing, 1 of them positive on IgM testing as well, and no one positive on IgA testing) and titers of aCL antibodies. We conclude that the presence of aCL antibodies in acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis may be a marginal immunological phenomenon unrelated to the glomerular disease, triggered by the streptococcal infection.