2
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Distribution of endemic angiosperm species in Brazil on a municipality level

      , ,

      Biodiversity Data Journal

      Pensoft Publishers

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisher
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Herbarium collections and the data they hold are the main sources of plant biodiversity information. These collections contain taxonomical and spatial data on living and extinct species; consequently, they are the fundamental basis for temporal and spatial biogeographical studies of plants. Mega projects focused on providing digital and free access to accurate biodiversity data have transformed plant science research, mainly in the past two decades. In this sense, researchers today are overwhelmed by the many different datasets in online repositories. There are also several challenges involved in using this data for biogeographical analyses. Analyses performed on the data available in the repositories show that 70-75% of the datasets have spatial deficiencies, as a high number of records lack coordinates. This shortage of reliable primary biogeographical information creates serious impediments for biogeographical analyses and consequently produces obstacles to evaluations of threats to biodiversity at the global, regional, and local levels. With the aim of contributing to botanical and biogeographical research, this paper provides georeferenced spatial data for angiosperm species endemic to Brazil. The information from two reliable online databases, i.e., the Flora do Brasil 2020 floristic database (BFG) and Plantas do Brasil: Resgate Histórico e Herbário Virtual para o Conhecimento e Conservação da Flora Brasileira (REFLORA), which are both based on records collected over the course of the last two centuries, is used to create this spatial dataset.We provide three taxonomically-edited and georeferenced datasets for basal angiosperms, monocots, and eudicots covering a total of 14,992 endemic species from Brazil. To get a hold to this consolidated dataset a lot of painstaking work was done, both to clean up the taxonomic names and to georeferenced the occurrence records to the corresponding municipalities. The information provided in this geo-referenced dataset covering two centuries of specimen collections will contribute to several botanical and mainly with biogeographical studies.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 29

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          New developments in museum-based informatics and applications in biodiversity analysis.

          Information from natural history collections (NHCs) about the diversity, taxonomy and historical distributions of species worldwide is becoming increasingly available over the Internet. In light of this relatively new and rapidly increasing resource, we critically review its utility and limitations for addressing a diverse array of applications. When integrated with spatial environmental data, NHC data can be used to study a broad range of topics, from aspects of ecological and evolutionary theory, to applications in conservation, agriculture and human health. There are challenges inherent to using NHC data, such as taxonomic inaccuracies and biases in the spatial coverage of data, which require consideration. Promising research frontiers include the integration of NHC data with information from comparative genomics and phylogenetics, and stronger connections between the environmental analysis of NHC data and experimental and field-based tests of hypotheses.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV

            (2016)
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              Biogeographical regionalisation of the Neotropical region

               Juan Morrone (2014)
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Contributors
                (View ORCID Profile)
                (View ORCID Profile)
                Journal
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                BDJ
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2828
                1314-2836
                June 03 2021
                June 03 2021
                : 9
                Article
                10.3897/BDJ.9.e66043
                © 2021

                Comments

                Comment on this article