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      Splanchnic nerve stimulation modulates steroid secretion in hypophysectomized dogs.


      Adrenal Cortex, secretion, Adrenocorticotropic Hormone, blood, Animals, Blood Pressure, Dogs, Electric Stimulation, Epinephrine, Female, Heart Rate, Hydroxycorticosteroids, Hypophysectomy, Male, Norepinephrine, Secretory Rate, Splanchnic Nerves, physiology

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          To test whether or not splanchnic neural input to the adrenal gland affects secretion of steroids from the adrenal cortex, the thoracic splanchnic nerve was electrically stimulated in pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs after hypophysectomy and replacement with physiological concentrations of ACTH. An adrenal vein cannula was placed to permit measurement of cortisol, corticosterone, 11-deoxycortisol, epinephrine and norepinephrine secretion rates and adrenal blood flow. Plasma ACTH was measured and the presentation rate of ACTH was calculated as the product of plasma ACTH concentration and adrenal plasma flow. Dogs were infused initially with ACTH for 60 min at 2 ng/min followed by infusion for 60 min at 10 ng/min. Within each infusion period, the distal end of the nerve was stimulated (20 V; 0.5-ms pulse duration) at 4 and at 20 Hz for 10 min each. Nerve stimulation resulted in a frequency-dependent increase in mean arterial pressure, in epinephrine and norepinephrine secretion and in adrenal blood flow. Arterial ACTH remained constant during nerve stimulation; however, increased adrenal blood flow resulted in increased presentation rate of ACTH to the adrenal. Cortisol secretion increased in response to nerve stimulation at 4 and 20 Hz during infusion of 2 and 10 ng/min ACTH and occurred prior to changes in presentation rate of ACTH. Corticosterone secretion also increased after stimulation at both frequencies, but the response was observed only during infusion of 10 ng/min ACTH. In contrast, 11-deoxycortisol decreased after nerve stimulation at 4 Hz but showed no response after stimulation at 20 Hz during infusion of 2 and 10 ng/min ACTH.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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