9
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      Are you tired of sifting through news that doesn't interest you?
      Personalize your Karger newsletter today and get only the news that matters to you!

      Sign up

      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Photoperoxidation in lens and cataract formation: preventive role of superoxide dismutase, catalase and vitamin C.

      , ,
      Ophthalmic research
      S. Karger AG

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Exposure of rat lens to fluorescent daylight (150 ft candles) under tissue culture conditions led to a substantial lipid peroxidation as evidenced by the formation of malonaldehyde (MDA). MDA content of lenses incubated overnight in presence of such light was approximately sixfold of that in the control lenses cultured in the dark. These cultures were maintained in physiological medium resembling aqueous humor which does not contain any additional photoactive component. Thus, the lens in its physiological surroundings is susceptible to photoperoxidation by light of wavelengths which freely penetrate the eye. Photoperoxidation could be thwarted by superoxide dismutase, catalase, and ascorbate, suggesting that the observed peroxidative degradation is initiated by photocatalytic generation of superoxide and its subsequent derivation to other potent oxidants. These studies provide for the first time suggestive evidence that senile cataract development may in part be linked to the in vivo photochemical generation of superoxide and other potent oxidants in the aqueous humor and lens derived from the ambient oxygen and light; and ascorbate which is maintained at high levels in this fluid by virtue of its active transport from plasma, is physiologically important in preventing the deleterious action of these potent oxidants. The studies thus indicate for the first time the possibilities of a hitherto unrecognized role of ascorbate against cataracts and other age-, light- and oxygen-dependent ocular abnormalities, In addition, the study re-emphasizes the role of tissue catalase and superoxide dismutase in the prevention of photoperoxidative damages to the tissue.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          Ophthalmic Res.
          Ophthalmic research
          S. Karger AG
          0030-3747
          0030-3747
          1982
          : 14
          : 3
          Article
          10.1159/000265189
          7099536
          a5b672d8-b729-4828-b948-6d54be22caa5
          History

          Comments

          Comment on this article