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      Description of the larva of Lopesia spinosa Maia (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) and new occurrences of the species

      Revista Brasileira de Entomologia

      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          ABSTRACT The hitherto unknown larva of Lopesia spinosa Maia (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) is described and the geographical distribution of the species is extended in Brazil to Delfinópolis in Minas Gerais; Altinópolis and Jundiaí in São Paulo. Diagnostic characters of the species and illustration of the larva are presented.

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          Most cited references 7

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          Occurrence and characterization of entomogen galls in plants from natural vegetation areas in Delfinópolis, MG, Brazil

          In the present work we aimed to register the occurrence of galls, inductors, inquilines, and parasitoids in plants of three natural vegetation areas in Delfinópolis, MG, Brazil. Results obtained showed 22 types of galls collected from leaf, vein leaf, petioles, stem, and inflorescence of nineteen species belonging to fifteen distinct families. Concerning gall morphology, the following were collected: globoid, conicle, discoidal, fusiform, shell-shape, indefinite, and one substituition of an ovary by an immature. As principal inducers were found insects of the families Cecidomyiidae (Diptera), Psyllidae, and Diaspididae (Sternorrhyncha/Hemiptera). As parasitoids the most common are of the Chalcidoidea superfamily (Hymenoptera) and, as occasional inquilines, Polyxenidae (Diplopoda) and Psocodea (Psocoptera). The results of this study contribute to existing of knowledge host-plant diversity and gall-associated insects in rocky fields, cerrado, and gallery forests.
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            Duas novas espécies de Lopesia Rübsaamen (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) do Brasil, com chave para as espécies

            Lopesia erythroxyli Rodrigues & Maia e Lopesia maricaensis Rodrigues & Maia, duas novas espécies de Cecidomyiidae que induzem galhas cônicas em gemas de Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr (Erythroxylaceae) e enrolamentos da borda da folha de Protium brasiliense (Spr.) Engl. (Burseraceae), são descritas e ilustradas (larva, pupa, macho, e fêmea) baseado em material do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Uma chave de segregação para as espécies conhecidas de Lopesia é dada.
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              Characterization of insect galls from a vegetation area in Altinópolis, São Paulo State, Brazil

              Abstract Herein, we studied the occurrence of insect galls from natural vegetation around the Itambé Cave, Altinópolis, SP, Brazil. A sampling effort of 7.5 hours resulted in 41 gall morphotypes on 21 host plant species from 14 families. The richest families of host plants in morphotypes were Fabaceae (N = 11), Euphorbiaceae (N = 7), and Malpighiaceae (N = 5). Copaifera langsdorffii Desf. (N = 8), Croton floribundus Spreng. (N = 7), Diplopterys pubipetala (A. Juss.) W.R. Anderson & C.C. Davis (N = 5), and Bauhinia holophylla (Bong.) Steud. (N = 4) were the super host plant species. Among the gall makers obtained, cecidomyiids were reared in 81% of cases and Hemiptera (Diaspididae), Hymenoptera (Eurytomidae), Coleoptera (Apion sp./Apionidae), and Lepidoptera in 4.5% of cases, each. The parasitoids belong to the Chalcidoidea superfamily (Hymenoptera). One new species of Camptoneuromyiia (Cecidomyiidae) was found in Smilax oblongifolia Pohl ex Griseb. (Smilacaceae) as inquiline and a new species of Lestodiplosis in Diplopterys pubipetala (Malpighiaceae) was a predator. We also present the first register of Bauhinia holophylla as host plants of Cecidomyiidae. We also present the first register of Bauhinia holophylla as host plants of Cecidomyiidae, and we expand the occurrence of Rochadiplosis tibouchinae Tavares, Lopesia spinosa Maia and Couridiplosis vena Maia to São Paulo State. The results of this paper are a continuation of the description of gall morphotypes from the vegetation in Northeastern São Paulo State, and they also increase knowledge about the diversity of host plant and gall-maker associations in the Neotropical region.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Revista Brasileira de Entomologia
                Revista Brasileira de Entomologia
                Elsevier BV
                00855626
                April 2019
                April 2019
                Article
                10.1016/j.rbe.2019.03.003
                © 2019

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