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      The Job Demands–Resources model: Challenges for future research

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      SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
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          Abstract

          Motivation: The motivation of this overview is to present the state of the art of Job Demands–Resources (JD–R) model whilst integrating the various contributions to the special issue.Research purpose: To provide an overview of the JD–R model, which incorporates many possible working conditions and focuses on both negative and positive indicators of employee well-being. Moreover, the studies of the special issue were introduced.Research design: Qualitative and quantitative studies on the JD–R model were reviewed to enlighten the health and motivational processes suggested by the model.Main findings: Next to the confirmation of the two suggested processes of the JD–R model, the studies of the special issue showed that the model can be used to predict work-place bullying, incidences of upper respiratory track infection, work-based identity, and early retirement intentions. Moreover, whilst psychological safety climate could be considered as a hypothetical precursor of job demands and resources, compassion satisfaction moderated the health process of the model.Contribution/value-add: The findings of previous studies and the studies of the special issue were integrated in the JD–R model that can be used to predict well-being and performance at work. New avenues for future research were suggested.Practical/managerial implications: The JD–R model is a framework that can be used for organisations to improve employee health and motivation, whilst simultaneously improving various organisational outcomes.

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          Most cited references97

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          A META-ANALYTIC TEST OF THE CHALLENGE STRESSOR--HINDRANCE STRESSOR FRAMEWORK: AN EXPLANATION FOR INCONSISTENT RELATIONSHIPS AMONG STRESSORS AND PERFORMANCE.

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            Reciprocal relationships between job resources, personal resources, and work engagement

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              Crafting a Job: Revisioning Employees as Active Crafters of Their Work

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                SA Journal of Industrial Psychology
                SA j ind psychol
                AOSIS
                2071-0763
                0258-5200
                May 23 2011
                May 23 2011
                : 37
                : 2
                Article
                10.4102/sajip.v37i2.974
                31c2d73d-56e5-4ee8-ba65-5bd5d5b8d970
                © 2011
                History

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