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      Some quantitative aspects of natural babesial infection in the haemolymph of Boophilus microplus engorged female ticks.

      1 , , ,

      Parasite (Paris, France)

      EDP Sciences

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          Abstract

          Quantitative aspects of the natural babesial (Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina) infection in Boophilus microplus engorged female ticks obtained from two herds of Holstein heifers positive by the immunofluorescent antibody test to both protozoan were evaluated. The number of kinetes/microscope field of haemolymph was determined for each tick from day 5 to 10 post-collection. A close relationship between daily and cumulative babesial infection was detected. Correlation and determination coefficients between days post-collection and the daily and cumulative infection rates, including heavily infected ticks (those ticks carrying at least 3.0 kinetes/microscope field of haemolymph), were always higher than 0.9 (P < 0.01) in ticks of both herds. The median was found to be a more representative measure than the mean to define the distribution of kinetes number amongst infected ticks since this is a negative binomial distribution. The analysis of the sequential order of days of infection more accurately showed the amplification of the babesial infection in the tick haemolymph than the evolution of kinetes number in relation to days post-collection. Sampling ticks on days 8, 9 and 10 post-collection would have detected all ticks infected with Babesia spp. from both herds. A categorization of infected or non infected ticks would be of greater epidemiological importance than the haemolymph infection level, based upon previous laboratory studies that showed a poor relationship between haemolymph infection in the female ticks and the infection rate in their eggs. However, further studies in natural infected ticks and better techniques to differentiate B. bovis and B. bigemina kinetes are needed before these laboratory results can be applied to field conditions.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Parasite
          Parasite (Paris, France)
          EDP Sciences
          1252-607X
          1252-607X
          Dec 1997
          : 4
          : 4
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Rafaela, Argentina.
          Article
          10.1051/parasite/1997044337
          9587602

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