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      Interoceptive inference, emotion, and the embodied self.

      Trends in Cognitive Sciences
      Awareness, physiology, Bayes Theorem, Brain, Cognition, Emotions, Humans, Models, Psychological, Perception

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          Abstract

          The concept of the brain as a prediction machine has enjoyed a resurgence in the context of the Bayesian brain and predictive coding approaches within cognitive science. To date, this perspective has been applied primarily to exteroceptive perception (e.g., vision, audition), and action. Here, I describe a predictive, inferential perspective on interoception: 'interoceptive inference' conceives of subjective feeling states (emotions) as arising from actively-inferred generative (predictive) models of the causes of interoceptive afferents. The model generalizes 'appraisal' theories that view emotions as emerging from cognitive evaluations of physiological changes, and it sheds new light on the neurocognitive mechanisms that underlie the experience of body ownership and conscious selfhood in health and in neuropsychiatric illness. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          24126130
          10.1016/j.tics.2013.09.007

          Chemistry
          Awareness,physiology,Bayes Theorem,Brain,Cognition,Emotions,Humans,Models, Psychological,Perception
          Chemistry
          Awareness, physiology, Bayes Theorem, Brain, Cognition, Emotions, Humans, Models, Psychological, Perception

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