The French Sandostatin/Acromegaly Study Group performed a multicentric, prospective, open-label trial of incremental doses with the aim of obtaining the best antisecretory effect. Forty-two patients (24 women, 18 men) aged 22–71 years were involved, either after unsuccessful surgery and/or radiotherapy (30 patients), or as primary treatment (12 patients). Doses were increased from 3 × 100 to 3 × 500 µg/day, according to the results of hormonal investigations (GH profiles and Sm-C) performed each month and for each dose, and tolerability. Four patients dropped out because of major digestive troubles. Recurrent pain at the injection site and minor gastrointestinal disorders were noted in some patients. Asymptomatic gallstones appeared in 4 patients. Carbohydrate tolerance and insulin secretion (determined by diurnal plasma glucose and insulin profiles) were not significantly altered by the various SMS doses. Clinical improvement was determined by the scoring of the symptoms. Mean plasma GH concentrations were significantly reduced for each SMS dose, compared to pretreatment values. Fifteen patients obtained 75% of GH values ≤2 µg/l. In 9 patients the highest dose failed to bring GH below 10 µg/l. Sm-C normalized in 17/31 patients. After 6 months of treatment a tumor reduction of 20–50 % was found in 7 patients and > 50% in 5 patients. We conclude that (1) the tolerability of SMS is compatible with long-term treatments; (2) clinical improvement and biological criteria of efficacy are obtained in 3/4 acromegalic patients treated by SMS, and that (3) some patients are resistant to SMS and the increase in the dose does not improve the result.