Blog
About

  • Record: found
  • Abstract: found
  • Article: not found

Changes in flow experience among occupational therapy students: a 1-year longitudinal study

Read this article at

ScienceOpenPublisherPMC
Bookmark
      There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

      Abstract

      Purpose:The purpose of this 1-year longitudinal study is to investigate the change in flow experience among occupational therapy students (OTS).Methods:In December 2012, we prospectively recruited 97 OTS from the Department of Occupational Therapy, Kibi International University. To assess flow experience in daily life, we used the Flow Experience Checklist.Results:The dataset included 87 OTS, of which 75 participated in the assessment at 1 year (follow-up rate, 86.2%). The mean age at baseline of 45 male and 30 female OTS was 19.59±1.1 years (range, 18 to 24 years). A comparison of the ‘frequency of flow experience’ showed significant differences between baseline values and those after 1 year (December 2013) among male OTS (P<0.05).Conclusion:The present results indicate that, for male OTS, the frequency of flow was significantly reduced after 1 year compared with baseline values. This finding suggests the need for further education to increase the frequency of flow among male OTS.

      Related collections

      Most cited references 10

      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Flow experience and health-related quality of life in community dwelling elderly Japanese.

      This study was performed to investigate the relationship between mental state (especially flow experience [Flow Experience Checklist of Ishimura]) health-related quality of life (Medical Outcome Study 8-Item Short-Form Health Survey), and stress (salivary amylase concentrations). The subjects were 119 healthy elderly persons living in rural areas who participated in a "meeting for the elderly" at a nursing home in Kagawa Prefecture, Japan. The subjects were classified into apathetic, anxious, relaxed, and flow groups. It was found that physical health was significantly better when performing important daily activities in the group who experienced flow and the relaxed group than in the group that was in an apathetic state. However, no significant relationship was observed between the degree of flow experience and stress. The present findings suggested that interventions which make the activities of daily life either "high-challenge, high-skill" situations or "low-challenge, high-skill" situations could have a positive influence on the physical health of community-living elderly Japanese. A longitudinal study should be performed in the future. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
        Bookmark
        • Record: found
        • Abstract: found
        • Article: not found

        Association of cognitive judgment and shyness with frequency and quality of flow experience

        Objective To determine the association of cognitive judgment and shyness with frequency and quality of flow experience. Design and methods This was a cross-sectional survey of the relationship between psychological tendency and frequency and quality of flow experience in 68 college students, undertaken in Hiroshima, Japan. The predictors were Shyness Scale scores, measure of ambiguity tolerance scores, and Life Orientation Test scores, and the outcome was the frequency and quality of flow experience. Results The results of the binary logistic regression analysis indicated that only the measure of ambiguity tolerance (P = 0.02, odds ratio = 1.06, and 95% confidence interval = 1.01–1.11) was a predictor of the quality of flow experience, and only the Shyness Scale (P = 0.007, odds ratio = 0.95, and 95% confidence interval = 0.91–0.98) was a predictor of the frequency of flow experience. Conclusion The findings suggest that ambiguity tolerance and shyness are associated with the frequency and quality of the flow experience.
          Bookmark
          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: found
          Is Open Access

          The relationship between self-disgust, guilt, and flow experience among Japanese undergraduates

          Purpose To determine the relationship between self-disgust, guilt, and flow experience. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a convenience sample of 142 Kibi International University students (mean age, 20.09 ± 1.24 years; 85 males and 57 females). Each participant was evaluated using the Flow Experience Checklist, Self-Disgust Scale, and Situational Guilt Inventory. Correlation analysis was used to describe the strength and direction of the relationship between variables. We employed Pearson’s partial correlations, adjusted for age and sex, using dummy variables (female = 0, male = 1). Results Analysis of the relationship between the frequency of flow experience and the Self-Disgust Scale scores showed a statistically significant negative correlation, whereas the duration of the activity and the Situational Guilt Inventory score showed a significant positive correlation. The quality of flow experience and the Situational Guilt Inventory score showed a significant positive correlation. Conclusion These findings suggest that flow experience could be helpful for those who need treatment to reduce negative emotions.
            Bookmark

            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Science and Social Welfare, Kibi International University, Okayama, Japan
            Author notes
            [* ]Corresponding email: hirao.kazuki@ 123456gmail.com
            Journal
            J Educ Eval Health Prof
            J Educ Eval Health Prof
            JEEHP
            Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
            National Health Personnel Licensing Examination Board of the Republic of Korea
            1975-5937
            2014
            7 July 2014
            : 11
            25043928
            4319472
            10.3352/jeehp.2014.11.14
            jeehp-11-14
            © 2014, National Health Personnel Licensing Examination Board of the Republic of Korea

            This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

            Categories
            Research Article

            Comments

            Comment on this article