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      Serum Levels of Soluble Interleukin-2 Receptor in Patients with Primary Nephrotic Syndrome

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          Altered peptide ligands of islet autoantigen Imogen 38 inhibit antigen specific T cell reactivity in human type-1 diabetes.

          Type 1 diabetes, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) results from autoimmune T cell-dependent destruction of insulin producing beta-cells in the pancreatic islets of Langerhans. T cells from recent-onset IDDM patients specifically proliferate to beta cell membrane Ag enriched fractions, containing the mitochondrial 38 kD islet antigen (Imogen). Recently, we identified a peptide epitope (Imogen p55-70) that is recognized by a 38 kD-specific, Th1 clone from an IDDM patient. In animal models of autoimmune diseases, altered self peptide ligands (APL) have been used effectively in peptide-based immune prevention or therapy. No such APL, however, have been reported so far that can modulate autoreactive T-cell responses in IDDM. Here, we have designed APL of p55-70. These APL efficiently downregulate in vitro activation of the 38 kD-specific Th1 clone induced by either p55-70 or by native beta cell autoantigens. Self peptide reactive T-cell proliferation could be inhibited only when APL and the self peptide were present on the same APC. Unrelated peptides with equal HLA-DR binding affinity were not effective, excluding simple MHC competition as the mechanism for T-cell modulation. APL triggered upregulation of CD69 and CD25 expression, but not T-cell proliferation, TCR down-modulation or T-cell anergy. Thus, the p55-70 APL inhibit beta cell autoantigen-induced activation of an Imogen-reactive T-cell clone derived from an IDDM patient, by acting as partial TCR agonists that inhibit TCR down-modulation. Copyright 1998 Academic Press
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            NEF
            Nephron
            10.1159/issn.1660-8151
            Nephron
            S. Karger AG
            1660-8151
            2235-3186
            1998
            November 1998
            02 November 1998
            : 80
            : 3
            : 349-350
            Affiliations
            Department of Nephrology, Ibn-i Sina Hospital, University of Ankara, Turkey
            Article
            45197 Nephron 1998;80:349–350
            10.1159/000045197
            9807046
            © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Tables: 1, References: 6, Pages: 2
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45197
            Categories
            Letter to the Editor

            Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

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