Frequent measurement of blood glucose concentration in diabetic patients is an important means for diabetes control. Blood glucose monitoring with noninvasive detection technology can not only avoid the pain of patients and eliminate the harm of some biological materials for measuring glucose in vivo but also improve the frequency of detection, so as to control blood glucose concentration more closely. Traditional blood glucose detection methods are invasive and have some limitations. In this study, the significance of noninvasive blood glucose testing was analyzed and was pointed out that noninvasive blood glucose testing can monitor the blood glucose concentration of patients and relieve the pain of patients. Then, this study analyzed the spectral detection methods of noninvasive blood glucose, including conservation of energy metabolism, near infrared spectroscopy, and other spectral detection methods. Finally, this study made a comprehensive analysis of the domestic and international clinical application of noninvasive glucose spectrum monitoring and summarized the clinical application status of noninvasive glucose spectrum monitoring.