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      Voltage-gated and resting membrane currents recorded from B-cells in intact mouse pancreatic islets.

      The Journal of Physiology

      Tetrodotoxin, pharmacology, Calcium Channels, drug effects, physiology, Cell Communication, Electrophysiology, Animals, Gap Junctions, Glucose, Ion Channel Gating, Islets of Langerhans, KATP Channels, Membrane Potentials, Mice, Microscopy, Confocal, Patch-Clamp Techniques, Potassium Channels, Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying, Sodium Channels, metabolism, ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters, Algorithms

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          Abstract

          1. The perforated patch whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique was applied to superficial cells in intact pancreatic islets. Immunostaining in combination with confocal microscopy revealed that the superficial cells consisted of 35 % insulin-secreting B-cells and 65 % non-B-cells (A- and D-cells). 2. Two types of cell, with distinct electrophysiological properties, could be functionally identified. One of these generated oscillatory electrical activity when the islet was exposed to 10 mM glucose and had the electrophysiological characteristics of isolated B-cells maintained in tissue culture. 3. The Ca2+ current recorded from B-cells in situ was 80 % larger than that of isolated B-cells. It exhibited significant (70 %) inactivation during 100 ms depolarisations. The inactivation was voltage dependent and particularly prominent during depolarisations evoking the largest Ca2+ currents. 4. Voltage-dependent K+ currents were observed during depolarisations to membrane potentials above -20 mV. These currents inactivated little during a 200 ms depolarisation and were unaffected by varying the holding potential between -90 and -30 mV. 5. The maximum resting conductance in the absence of glucose, which reflects the conductance of ATP-regulated K+ (KATP) channels, amounted to approximately 4 nS. Glucose produced a concentration-dependent reduction of KATP channel conductance with half-maximal inhibition observed with 5 mM glucose. 6. Combining voltage- and current-clamp recording allowed the estimation of the gap junction conductance between different B-cells. These experiments indicated that the input conductance of the B-cell at stimulatory glucose concentrations ( approximately 1 nS) is almost entirely accounted for by coupling to neighbouring B-cells.

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          Most cited references 16

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          Low access resistance perforated patch recordings using amphotericin B.

          We present experimental procedures describing the creation of perforated patches by use of amphotericin B. In 13 different cellular preparations, access resistances below 10 M omega were achieved and with blunt electrode tips, access resistances of 3-4 M omega were possible. In addition to using the techniques to measure whole cell currents, we have used them to measure single channel currents in a new "outside-out patch" preparation and we have utilized them to measure the resting voltage of epithelial monolayers. We conclude that these new approaches can provide a substantial increase in versatility and quality for many kinds of electrophysiological measurements.
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            Electrophysiology of the pancreatic β-cell

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              Calcium and delayed potassium currents in mouse pancreatic beta-cells under voltage-clamp conditions.

               G Trube,  P. Rorsman (1986)
              Pancreatic islets of NMRI mice were dissociated into single cells which were kept in tissue culture for 1-3 days. The whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique was used to study inward and delayed outward currents of beta-cells under voltage-clamp conditions at 20-22 degrees C. Outward currents were suppressed by substituting the impermeant cation N-methyl-D-glucamine for intracellular K+. The remaining inward current had a V-shaped current-voltage relation reaching a peak value of 39 +/- 4 pA (mean +/- S.E. of mean) around -15 mV. It was identified as a Ca2+ current, because the peak amplitude was increased 1.6 times by increasing external [Ca2+] ([Ca2+]o) from 2.6 mM to 10 mM and it was blocked by Co2+ (5 mM) or nifedipine (5 microM) but not by TTX (20 microM). The activation time constant of the inward current at -10 mV was 1.28 +/- 0.08 ms. The relation between the degree of activation (estimated from the size of the tail currents) and membrane potential V followed the sigmoidal function f = 1/(1 + exp [(Vh-V)/k]) with half-maximal activation potential, Vh = 4 +/- 1 mV and slope factor, k = 14 +/- 1 mV (for [Ca2+]o 10 mM). The inward current inactivated only weakly during depolarizing pulses of 0.1-1 s duration. The delayed outward current (in experiments with 155 mM-internal [K+] ([K+]i)) had a linear voltage dependence at potentials above -20 mV; its amplitude at -10 mV was 210 +/- 30 pA. Tail currents related to the activation of the outward current had K+-dependent reversal potentials. The current was blocked by extracellularly applied tetraethylammonium (20 mM) and 4-aminopyridine (2 mM). It was not affected by glibenclamide (3 microM), tolbutamide (0.2 mM) and alterations of intracellular [Ca2+] (1 nM-1 microM). The activation time constant of the outward current at -10 mV was 21 +/- 3 ms. The voltage dependence of activation could be described by the sigmoidal function (see above) with Vh = 19 +/- 1 mV and k = 5.6 +/- 0.4 mV. The outward current inactivated during long (15 s) depolarizing pre-pulses (time constant at -10 mV: 2.6 +/- 0.6 s). 50% inactivation occurred at Vh = -36 +/- 2 mV, k was -4.1 +/- 0.2 mV. Inward and outward currents during depolarizing voltage pulses in beta-cells are similar to Ca2+ and delayed K+ currents in other cell types. These currents seem sufficient to generate the action potentials of the beta-cell.
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                Journal
                10601501
                2269694

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