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      Transcription of the XRCC1 Gene in Kidneys of Radiosensitive and Radioresistant Mice following Whole-Body Irradiation

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          Abstract

          The XRCC1 gene was described to play a role in the sensitivity of mammalian cell lines towards ionizing irradiation. Cells with a mutation of this gene present with decreased single-strand break repair and reduced recombination repair, show increased double-strand breaks, and the sister chromatid exchange is increased up to tenfold. The goal of our study was to investigate the transcription of this gene in the kidney following ionizing irradiation in the mouse, as this could be relevant to the pathogenetic mechanisms found in radiation nephropathy. Furthermore, we intended to examine whether radiation-sensitive mice would show a transcriptional pattern different from radiation-resistant mice. Radiation-sensitive BALB/c/J/Him mice and radiation-resistant C3H/He/Him mice were whole body irradiated with X-ray at 2, 4, and 6 Gy and sacrificed 5, 15, and 30 min after irradiation. mRNA was isolated from kidney cortex and hybridized with probes for XRCC1 and β-actin as a housekeeping gene control. Following irradiation at 2 Gy, radiation-resistant mice increased transcriptional levels of mRNA-XRCC1/mRNA-β-actin as early as after 5 min, and 15 and 30 min after irradiation, XRCC1 transcription was still higher than in radiation-sensitive mice. At higher radiation doses, no differences were found. This finding is the first in vivo study on XRCC1 of this kind and may in part explain the differences in the radiation sensitivity between the two strains studied.

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          Most cited references 8

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEF
                Nephron
                10.1159/issn.1660-8151
                Nephron
                S. Karger AG
                1660-8151
                2235-3186
                1998
                May 1998
                29 April 1998
                : 79
                : 1
                : 61-66
                Affiliations
                a Department of Pediatrics, University of Vienna, Austria; b Department of Radiobiology, University of Bonn, Germany
                Article
                44993 Nephron 1998;79:61–66
                10.1159/000044993
                9609464
                © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, Tables: 1, References: 29, Pages: 6
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/44993
                Categories
                Original Paper

                Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

                XRCC1 gene, Radiation resistance, Transcription, XRCC1 gene

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