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      Alendronate-conjugated amphiphilic hyperbranched polymer based on Boltorn H40 and poly(ethylene glycol) for bone-targeted drug delivery.

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          Abstract

          A novel type of alendronate(ALE)-conjugated amphiphilic hyperbranched copolymer based on a hydrophobic hyperbranched Boltorn H40 (H40) core with ALE targeting moiety and many hydrophilic poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) arms was synthesized as a carrier for bone-targeted drug delivery. The star copolymer H40-star-PEG/ALE was characterized using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and gel permeation chromatography (GPC) analysis. Benefiting from its highly branched structure, H40-star-PEG/ALE could form micelles in aqueous solution, which was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) techniques. The cytotoxicity and hemolysis of the H40-star-PEG/ALE micelles were evaluated via methylthiazoletetrazolium (MTT) assay against NIH/3T3 normal cells and red blood cell (RBC) lysis assay, respectively. As a model anticancer drug, doxorubicin (DOX) was encapsulated into the H40-star-PEG/ALE micelles. The anticancer activity of DOX-loaded micelles was evaluated by MTT assay against an HN-6 human head and neck carcinoma cell line. The strong affinity of H40-star-PEG/ALE micelles to bone was confirmed by the hydroxyapatite (HA) binding assay. These results indicate that the H40-star-PEG/ALE micelles are highly promising bone-targeted drug carriers for skeletal metastases.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Bioconjug. Chem.
          Bioconjugate chemistry
          American Chemical Society (ACS)
          1520-4812
          1043-1802
          Sep 19 2012
          : 23
          : 9
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, 23 Youzheng Street, Nangang District, Harbin 150001, People's Republic of China.
          Article
          10.1021/bc3003088
          22946621

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