Evidence of secular trends in sleep patterns with age and their health effects is critical for elucidating the physiological significance of sleep, so as to gain an in-depth understanding of the growth and development of children and adolescents. This paper summarizes the progress of research on sleep health and provides insight into the critical significance of sleep for overall physical growth and neurobehavioral development. Therefore, it is proposed that priority should be given to integrate sleep into the development and health evaluation system for children and adolescents. In addition, this paper analyzes the limitations of existing studies and highlights knowledge gaps in this area, in order to inspire and promote future research.
【摘要】 动态观察儿童青少年睡眠的年龄发展变化规律、分析其健康效应既是阐述睡眠生理意义的基础, 也是深人理解 儿童青少年生长发育规律的基础。本文总结、归纳了现有儿童、青少年睡眠研究领域的学术进展, 阐述其与体格、神经、行 为、代谢发育相辅相成的重要作用, 建议将睡眠作为发育的核心组成要素, 纳人儿童青少年发育与健康评价体系。同时, 在 学术进展的总结中透视睡眠研究所存的不足和局限, 以期承前启后、继往开来, 促进今后研究的针对性和系统性。