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      Cervical Cancer Screening: Awareness and Knowledge in Brazil

      Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention

      Journal of Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention

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          Abstract

          Cervical cancer is one of the deadliest forms of cancer killing an estimated 260,000 women worldwide. Most deaths are in developing countries,  where screening and treatment for precancerous lesions are unavailable  or women have limited access to healthcare. This holds true for Brazil,  as cervical cancer is the second leading cancer amongst Brazilian women killing an estimated of 8,400 women annually. Yet cervical cancer is one of the easiest preventable cancers by routine human papillomavirus (HPV) and cytological tests. These have been proven  to significantly  decrease cervical cancer deaths and rising incidence rates. The state of  Brazil has aimed to increase knowledge and awareness of cervical cancer screening and prevention through initiatives throughout the country. Other Latin American countries have implemented initiatives that  found success in increasing awareness of cervical cancer screening in  low resource settings.  However, there are still challenges and barriers that women face in cervical cancer screening  such as social economic factors. Nevertheless, the future of cervical cancer prevention is promising by increasing the availability of cytological tests, promoting  screening efforts, and using evidence-based recommendations.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention
          CSWHI
          Journal of Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention
          2222386X
          20769741
          December 31 2016
          December 31 2016
          : 7
          : 4
          : 55-61
          Affiliations
          [1 ]Health Administration & Human Resources, 4th Floor McGurrin Hall, Scranton, PA 18510-4699
          Article
          10.22359/cswhi_7_4_08
          © 2016

          Psychology, Social & Behavioral Sciences

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