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      Analysis of induced radiation and shielding materials in proton therapy room


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          Objective To analyze the dose distribution of induced radiation in fixed proton beam therapy room and the influence of shielding materials, and to provide a basis for radiation protection and shielding material selection in proton therapy.

          Methods FLUKA was used to simulate the dose distribution of induced radiation in fixed proton beam therapy room, the dose over time, and the influence of different concrete materials.

          Results The dose of induced radiation was mainly concentrated around the target, and the dose rapidly decreased to 1/5-1/10 of the value at the time of stopping irradiation after cooling for 3-5 min. The induced radiation in concrete formed a slightly higher dose area at the end of the main beam near the inner side of the shield. The content of Fe, O, and H in concrete had significant effects on induced radiation ( P < 0.01), and the dose was negatively correlated with the content of Fe.

          Conclusion The patients after proton therapy as well as the induced radiation in air and shielding materials are the main sources of external radiation dose for workers, and waiting for a period of time is the most effective way to protect the staff. Without considering the difficulty in construction and based on the analysis of shielding materials in protection against external irradiation and their influence on induced radiation, heavy concrete with a relatively high level of Fe is the best choice of the shielding material for proton therapy room.


          摘要: 目的 分析质子固定束治疗室内感生放射性剂量分布及屏蔽材料的影响。为质子治疗辐射防护及屏蔽材料选 择提供依据。 方法 利用 FLUKA 模拟质子固定束治疗室内感生放射性剂量分布、剂量随时间的变化情况及不同混凝 土材料的影响。 结果 质子治疗室内感生放射性剂量分布主要集中于靶周边, 且冷却 3~5 min 后剂量迅速降为停止 照射时刻的 5~10 倍。混凝土中感生放射性会在主射束末端靠近屏蔽体内侧形成剂量略高区域, 混凝土中 Fe、O、H、等元素含量对治疗室内感生放射性剂量有显著影响( P < 0.01), 且治疗室内感生放射性剂量与 Fe 元素含量呈负相关。 结论 质子治疗室内治疗后的患者、空气和屏蔽材料的感生放射性均是工作人员外照射剂量的主要来源, 采取时间的 防护方式最为有效。在不考虑施工难度等因素, 从外照射防护效果和感生放射性剂量贡献的影响上分析, 在质子治疗 室的屏蔽材料选择上含 Fe 较多的重混凝土为最优选择。

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          Author and article information

          Chinese Journal of Radiological Health
          Chinese Preventive Medical Association (Ji’an, China )
          01 August 2023
          01 October 2023
          : 32
          : 4
          : 380-386
          [1] 1Guangdong Province Hospital for Occupational Disease Prevention and Treatment, Guangzhou 510300 China
          Author notes
          Corresponding author: WANG Meixia, E-mail: 104711788@ 123456qq.com
          © 2023 Chinese Journal of Radiological Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Journal Article

          Medicine,Image processing,Radiology & Imaging,Bioinformatics & Computational biology,Health & Social care,Public health
          Induced radiation,Proton therapy room,Shielding material,FLUKA program


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