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      A new species of Brachiella (Copepoda, Siphonostomatoida, Lernaeopodidae) from Peninsular Malaysia, with relegation of two genera Charopinopsis and Eobrachiella to junior synonyms of Brachiella Translated title: Une nouvelle espèce de Brachiella (Copepoda, Siphonostomatoida, Lernaeopodidae) de Malaisie péninsulaire, avec relégation des deux genres Charopinopsis et Eobrachiella en synonymes juniors de Brachiella

      1 , * , 2 , 3 , 3

      Parasite

      EDP Sciences

      Brachiella, Charopinopsis, Eobrachiella, Lernaeopodidae, Malaysia

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          Abstract

          Both sexes of Brachiella malayensis n. sp. are described on the basis of specimens found in the nostrils of narrow-barred Spanish mackerel Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède) collected off Besut, Malaysia. The female of this species closely resembles those of B. magna Kabata, 1968 and B. cybii Pillai, Prabha et Balaraman, 1982 but is distinguishable mainly by the body size and the proportions of the cephalosome, posterior processes and caudal rami. While examining the male, we noticed a systematic inconsistency in some lernaeopodid genera. The genus Brachiella Cuvier, 1830, represented by its type-species Brachiella thynni Cuvier, 1830, and two monotypic genera Charopinopsis Yamaguti, 1963 and Eobrachiella Ho et Do, 1984, represented by Charopinopsis quaternia (Wilson, 1935) and Eobrachiella elegans (Richiardi, 1880), respectively, share distinct synapomorphies in the embracing (vs. pinching) elongate male maxilliped and the female trunk with a pair of long, cylindrical ventroposterior processes (in addition to a pair of modified caudal rami), both of which are involved in their unique reproductive strategy. The latter two genera are herewith relegated to junior synonyms of Brachiella.

          Translated abstract

          Les deux sexes de Brachiella malayensis n. sp. sont décrits sur la base de spécimens trouvés dans les narines du Thazard rayé Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède) collecté au large de Besut, en Malaisie. La femelle de cette espèce ressemble étroitement à celles de B. magna Kabata, 1968 et B. cybii Pillai, Prabha et Balaraman, 1982, mais se distingue principalement par la taille du corps et les proportions du céphalosome, les processus postérieurs et les rami caudaux. En examinant le mâle, nous avons remarqué une incohérence systématique dans certains genres de Lernaeopodidae. Le genre Brachiella Cuvier, 1830, représenté par son espèce-type Brachiella thynni Cuvier, 1830, et deux genres monotypiques Charopinopsis Yamaguti, 1963 et Eobrachiella Ho et Do, 1984, représentés par Charopinopsis quaternia (Wilson, 1935) et Eobrachiella elegans (Richiardi, 1880), respectivement, partagent des synapomorphies distinctes dans le maxillipède allongé (plutôt que pincé) et le tronc féminin avec une paire de longs processus cylindro-ventro-postérieurs (en plus d’une paire de rami caudaux modifiés), tous deux impliqués dans leur stratégie de reproduction unique. Les deux derniers genres sont ici relégués comme synonymes juniors de Brachiella.

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          Most cited references 53

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          A Method for Studying the External Anatomy of Copepods

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            DNA barcoding Australia’s fish species

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              DNA barcoding for identification of fish species in the Taiwan Strait

              DNA barcoding based on a fragment of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene in the mitochondrial genome is widely applied in species identification and biodiversity studies. The aim of this study was to establish a comprehensive barcoding reference database of fishes in the Taiwan Strait and evaluate the applicability of using the COI gene for the identification of fish at the species level. A total of 284 mitochondrial COI barcode sequences were obtained from 85 genera, 38 families and 12 orders of fishes. The mean length of the sequences was 655 base pairs. The average Kimura two parameter (K2P) distances within species, genera, families, orders and classes were 0.21%, 6.50%, 23.70% and 25.60%, respectively. The mean interspecific distance was 31-fold higher than the mean intraspecific distance. The K2P neighbor-joining trees based on the sequence generally clustered species in accordance with their taxonomic classifications. High efficiency of species identification was demonstrated in the present study by DNA barcoding, and we conclude that COI sequencing can be used to identify fish species.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Parasite
                Parasite
                parasite
                Parasite
                EDP Sciences
                1252-607X
                1776-1042
                2020
                28 May 2020
                : 27
                : ( publisher-idID: parasite/2020/01 )
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Takehara Station, Setouchi Field Science Centre, Graduate School of Integrated Sciences for Life, Hiroshima University 5-8-1 Minato-Machi Takehara Hiroshima 725-0024 Japan
                [2 ] Institute of Marine and Environmental Sciences, University of Szczecin ul. Mickiewicza 16 70-383 Szczecin Poland
                [3 ] School of Animal Science, Faculty of Bioresources and Food Industry, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin 22200 Besut Terengganu Malaysia
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author: ohtsuka@ 123456hiroshima-u.ac.jp
                Article
                parasite200048 10.1051/parasite/2020038
                10.1051/parasite/2020038
                7254867
                32463013
                © S. Ohtsuka et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2020

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, Tables: 3, Equations: 0, References: 67, Pages: 13
                Categories
                Research Article

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