Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Effect of Postural Change on Blood Volume in Long-Term Hemodialysis Patients

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          In healthy subjects, the blood volume (BV) increases rapidly after postural change from standing to the supine position. However, little is known about the effect of postural change on BV in long-term hemodialysis (HD) patients. Therefore, we have examined the BV change caused by adopting the supine position from standing by continuous hematocrit monitoring, using the CRIT-LINE instrument, in 8 anuric HD patients. The hematocrit was monitored for 25 min with the patient in the supine position just before HD. The percentage change in the BV (% Δ BV) was calculated from the hematocrit and approximated using the equation: % Δ BV = b – [1 – exp(–c × time (min)] –a × time (min). Coefficient a was the slope of the linear part in the % Δ BV, b was the magnitude of BV increase and c was the rate of BV increase. Then we examined the relationship between the coefficients (a, b and c) and clinical parameters. In all patients, % Δ BV increased quickly after adopting the supine position. The mean increases were 2.8 ± 0.6% after 5 min and 4.8 ± 0.5% after 25 min. There was a significant correlation between the value of % Δ BV calculated from the hematocrit and the value calculated using above equation (0.92 < r < 0.99, p < 0.001). Although coefficient a did not correlate with a clinical parameter, coefficient b showed a significant positive linear correlation with the serum albumin level (r = 0.816, p < 0.05) and coefficient c showed a significant positive linear correlation with the percentage change in interdialytic weight gain (r = 0.736, p < 0.05). Furthermore, based on the % Δ BV, we calculated the change in total BV, which had increased by 181.5 ± 21.9 ml after 25 min in the supine position. In conclusion, the change in the BV with time by continuous hematocrit monitoring using the CRIT-LINE instrument can be approximated by a modified monoexponential equation. BV increased quickly in HD patients after postural change from standing to the supine position.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          2001
          2001
          22 January 2001
          : 87
          : 1
          : 27-34
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Internal Medicine, Yamagata Prefectural Central Hospital, Yamagata, and bDivision of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Oomiya Medical Center, Jichi Medical School, Saitama, Japan
          Article
          45881 Nephron 2001;87:27–34
          10.1159/000045881
          11174023
          © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 6, Tables: 2, References: 12, Pages: 8
          Product
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45881
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Postural change, Blood volume, Hemodialysis, CRIT-LINE

          Comments

          Comment on this article