Laura Naranjo 1 , Carlos A Torres-Duque 2 , Daniel Colodenco 3 , Gustavo Lopardo 4 , Pablo Rodriguez 5 , Aldo Agra de Albuquerque-Neto 6 , Rafael J Hernandez-Zenteno 7 , Luis Septien 8 , Reynaldo Chandler 9 , Eduardo Ortega-Barria 1 , Patricia Juliao 1 , Adriana Guzman-Holst 1
06 August 2020
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a preventable and usually progressive lung disease that affects millions of people worldwide and is the sixth leading cause of death in the Americas. Viral and bacterial respiratory tract infections and air pollution may cause acute exacerbations of COPD (AE-COPD) ranging from mild, moderate to severe. The greatest proportion of the overall COPD burden on the health system is due to disease exacerbations. There is limited evidence regarding the etiology and burden of AE-COPD in Latin America (LATAM).
To respond to this gap in evidence, an Advisory Board with regional pneumologists and infectious disease experts was convened in September 2018 in Panama City, Panama, to: 1) review the burden of AE-COPD in LATAM; 2) evaluate the etiology of AE-COPD in LATAM; and 3) assess and compare the local/regional guidelines to confirm the etiology, characterize, and manage AE-COPD.
The results of the meeting showed that there is a high prevalence of AE-COPD in LATAM countries, limited evidence on etiology data, and discrepancies in the case definitions and symptomology (ie, severity) classifications used in LATAM.