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      Global meta‐analysis of soil‐disturbing vertebrates reveals strong effects on ecosystem patterns and processes

      1 , 2 , 2 , 1 , 2

      Global Ecology and Biogeography

      Wiley

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          Characterizing ecosystem-level consequences of biological invasions: the role of ecosystem engineers

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            Environmental heterogeneity as a universal driver of species richness across taxa, biomes and spatial scales.

            Environmental heterogeneity is regarded as one of the most important factors governing species richness gradients. An increase in available niche space, provision of refuges and opportunities for isolation and divergent adaptation are thought to enhance species coexistence, persistence and diversification. However, the extent and generality of positive heterogeneity-richness relationships are still debated. Apart from widespread evidence supporting positive relationships, negative and hump-shaped relationships have also been reported. In a meta-analysis of 1148 data points from 192 studies worldwide, we examine the strength and direction of the relationship between spatial environmental heterogeneity and species richness of terrestrial plants and animals. We find that separate effects of heterogeneity in land cover, vegetation, climate, soil and topography are significantly positive, with vegetation and topographic heterogeneity showing particularly strong associations with species richness. The use of equal-area study units, spatial grain and spatial extent emerge as key factors influencing the strength of heterogeneity-richness relationships, highlighting the pervasive influence of spatial scale in heterogeneity-richness studies. We provide the first quantitative support for the generality of positive heterogeneity-richness relationships across heterogeneity components, habitat types, taxa and spatial scales from landscape to global extents, and identify specific needs for future comparative heterogeneity-richness research. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd/CNRS.
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              Climate change mitigation: A spatial analysis of global land suitability for clean development mechanism afforestation and reforestation

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Global Ecology and Biogeography
                Global Ecol Biogeogr
                Wiley
                1466-822X
                1466-8238
                January 27 2019
                May 2019
                January 18 2019
                May 2019
                : 28
                : 5
                : 661-679
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Centre for Ecosystem Science, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences University of New South Wales Sydney New South Wales Australia
                [2 ]Ecology and Evolution Research Centre, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences University of New South Wales Sydney New South Wales Australia
                Article
                10.1111/geb.12877
                © 2019

                http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/termsAndConditions#am

                http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/termsAndConditions#vor

                http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/tdm_license_1.1

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