10
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Racemic (R,S)-propranolol versus half-dosed optically pure (S)-propranolol in humans at steady state: Hemodynamic effects, plasma concentrations, and influence on thyroid hormone levels.

      Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
      Administration, Oral, Adult, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Double-Blind Method, Hemodynamics, drug effects, Humans, Male, Propranolol, blood, pharmacokinetics, pharmacology, Random Allocation, Stereoisomerism, Thyroid Hormones

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          In a randomized, double-blind, crossover study in 10 healthy volunteers the hemodynamic effects, drug plasma concentrations, and thyroid hormone profiles were compared after oral administration for 1 week of 40 mg t.i.d. racemic (R,S)-propranolol versus 20 mg t.i.d. optically pure (S)-propranolol. During exercise, both substances decreased heart rate (-14%, p less than 0.01), as well as the overall rate pressure product (-19%, p less than 0.01) to the same extent, indicating similar beta-blocking effects. After oral application of (R,S)-propranolol the maximal plasma concentration (Cmax) and the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) of (S)-propranolol were higher than those of (R)-propranolol (eudismic ratios (S)- over (R)-propranolol Cmax, 1.36 [p less than 0.01] and AUC, 1.42 [p less than 0.01]) despite dose-equivalence of both enantiomers in the administered racemic (R,S)-propranolol preparation indicating different pharmacokinetic properties. Mean values of Cmax and the AUC of (S)-propranolol did not differ significantly after 1 week of oral administration of 40 mg (R,S)-propranolol and 20 mg (S)-propranolol t.i.d., respectively. The ratio of triiodothyronine to thyroxine was decreased by (R,S)-propranolol (-25%, p less than 0.01) but not by (S)-propranolol, suggesting that only the (R)-enantiomer inhibits the conversion of thyroxine to triiodothyronine. Thus, half-dosed optically pure (S)-propranolol is an equally effective beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist compared with currently used racemic (R,S)-propranolol. By contrast, the conversion of thyroxine to triiodothyronine is inhibited by (R)-propranolol only.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Comments

          Comment on this article