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      Updated distribution of the invasive Megachile sculpturalis (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) in Italy and its first record on a Mediterranean island

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          Megachile sculpturalis (Smith, 1853) ( Hymenoptera : Megachilidae ) is an invasive solitary bee that is rapidly spreading all over Europe. The present study aims to update the distribution of this species in Italy. The research led to the collection of 177 records, obtained through bibliographic research and data-mining from websites, blogs and social networks. We here present the first record of M. sculpturalis on a Mediterranean island and discuss its possible effect on the native ecosystem. Given the particular discovery of M. sculpturalis on Elba Island (Tuscany), we suggest possible monitoring, containment and possible eradication measures of the species.

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          Most cited references 81

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          MEGA X: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis across Computing Platforms.

          The Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis (Mega) software implements many analytical methods and tools for phylogenomics and phylomedicine. Here, we report a transformation of Mega to enable cross-platform use on Microsoft Windows and Linux operating systems. Mega X does not require virtualization or emulation software and provides a uniform user experience across platforms. Mega X has additionally been upgraded to use multiple computing cores for many molecular evolutionary analyses. Mega X is available in two interfaces (graphical and command line) and can be downloaded from www.megasoftware.net free of charge.
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            Biological invasions as disruptors of plant reproductive mutualisms.

            Invasive alien species affect the composition and functioning of invaded ecosystems in many ways, altering ecological interactions that have arisen over evolutionary timescales. Specifically, disruptions to pollination and seed-dispersal mutualistic interactions are often documented, although the profound implications of such impacts are not widely recognized. Such disruptions can occur via the introduction of alien pollinators, seed dispersers, herbivores, predators or plants, and we define here the many potential outcomes of each situation. The frequency and circumstances under which each category of mechanisms operates are also poorly known. Most evidence is from population-level studies, and the implications for global biodiversity are difficult to predict. Further insights are needed on the degree of resilience in interaction networks, but the preliminary picture suggests that invasive species frequently cause profound disruptions to plant reproductive mutualisms.
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              Effects of Introduced Bees on Native Ecosystems

               Dave Goulson (2003)

                Author and article information

                Biodivers Data J
                Biodivers Data J
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Pensoft Publishers
                26 November 2020
                : 8
                [1 ] Universtità degli Studi di Padova, Legnaro (Padova), Italy Universtità degli Studi di Padova Legnaro (Padova) Italy
                [2 ] World Biodiversity Association onlus c/o NAT LAB Forte Inglese, Portoferraio (LI), Italy World Biodiversity Association onlus c/o NAT LAB Forte Inglese Portoferraio (LI) Italy
                [3 ] Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy Università degli Studi di Firenze Firenze Italy
                [4 ] Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Agriculture and Environment, Bologna, Italy Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Agriculture and Environment Bologna Italy
                [5 ] Via dei Tarquini 22, Viterbo, Italy Via dei Tarquini 22 Viterbo Italy
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Enrico Ruzzier ( symphyla@ 123456gmail.com ).

                Academic editor: Matthew Yoder

                57783 14681
                Enrico Ruzzier, Mattia Menchetti, Laura Bortolotti, Marco Selis, Elisa Monterastelli, Leonardo Forbicioni

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 4, Tables: 0, References: 81
                Research Article


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