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Characterization of a cis-Golgi matrix protein, GM130

The Journal of Cell Biology

The Rockefeller University Press

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      Abstract

      Antisera raised to a detergent- and salt-resistant matrix fraction from rat liver Golgi stacks were used to screen an expression library from rat liver cDNA. A full-length clone was obtained encoding a protein of 130 kD (termed GM130), the COOH-terminal domain of which was highly homologous to a Golgi human auto-antigen, golgin-95 (Fritzler et al., 1993). Biochemical data showed that GM130 is a peripheral cytoplasmic protein that is tightly bound to Golgi membranes and part of a larger oligomeric complex. Predictions from the protein sequence suggest that GM130 is an extended rod-like protein with coiled-coil domains. Immunofluorescence microscopy showed partial overlap with medial- and trans-Golgi markers but almost complete overlap with the cis-Golgi network (CGN) marker, syntaxin5. Immunoelectron microscopy confirmed this location showing that most of the GM130 was located in the CGN and in one or two cisternae on the cis-side of the Golgi stack. GM130 was not re-distributed to the ER in the presence of brefeldin A but maintained its overlap with syntaxin5 and a partial overlap with the ER- Golgi intermediate compartment marker, p53. Together these results suggest that GM130 is part of a cis-Golgi matrix and has a role in maintaining cis-Golgi structure.

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      Author and article information

      Journal
      J Cell Biol
      The Journal of Cell Biology
      The Rockefeller University Press
      0021-9525
      1540-8140
      2 December 1995
      : 131
      : 6
      : 1715-1726
      2120691
      96134022
      8557739
      Categories
      Articles

      Cell biology

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