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      Evaluation of Emotional Intelligence among Master’s Degree Students in Nursing and Midwifery: A Cross-Sectional Survey

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          Abstract

          Emotional intelligence is an important skill for nurses and midwives and leads them to cleverly work in various fields and contexts, successfully handling colleagues, patients and their families. The aim of this cross-sectional study is to evaluate the relationship between emotional intelligence, sociodemographic and academic variables in current and former master’s degree students in nursing and midwifery, through the administration of a questionnaire to 71 subjects. Emotional intelligence is significantly related to gender. Females showed higher scores (0.2 points higher than men) for emotional intelligence factors, highlighting an excellent ability to “evaluate and express emotions in relation to others”. Moreover, significant differences in academic performances are shown: both females and midwives demonstrated higher academic performance (a mean degree mark 3.8 points higher than men and a mean degree mark 2.6 point than nurses, respectively). High levels of emotional intelligence in individuals who carried out training activities in the organization area are also evident: These subjects have an ability regarding the “regulation of emotion in the others”, which is significantly higher ( p = 0.01) than those interested in other master’s degree areas. Emotional intelligence (EI) is strongly linked to the individual’s characteristics and their personalities and differs from technical and professional skills. EI is also an excellent predictor of professional success.

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          Most cited references 29

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          Intellectual ability, learning style, personality, achievement motivation and academic success of psychology students in higher education

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            An introduction to the five-factor model and its applications.

            The five-factor model of personality is a hierarchical organization of personality traits in terms of five basic dimensions: Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism, and Openness to Experience. Research using both natural language adjectives and theoretically based personality questionnaires supports the comprehensiveness of the model and its applicability across observers and cultures. This article summarizes the history of the model and its supporting evidence; discusses conceptions of the nature of the factors; and outlines an agenda for theorizing about the origins and operation of the factors. We argue that the model should prove useful both for individual assessment and for the elucidation of a number of topics of interest to personality psychologists.
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              Emotional intelligence as a moderator in the stress-burnout relationship: a questionnaire study on nurses.

              To investigate inter-relationships between emotional intelligence (EI), work stress and burnout in a group of nurses in the Western Cape Province, South Africa. The moderating effect of EI in the stress-burnout relationship and group differences (nurses working in different wards) in burnout were also investigated.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                Int J Environ Res Public Health
                ijerph
                International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
                MDPI
                1661-7827
                1660-4601
                31 August 2020
                September 2020
                : 17
                : 17
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Section of Hygiene, Woman and Child Health and Public Health, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, 00168 Roma, Italy; fabiana.cassano94@ 123456gmail.com (F.C.); claudia.mellucci@ 123456gmail.com (C.M.); caterina.galletti@ 123456unicatt.it (C.G.); gianfranco.damiani@ 123456unicatt.it (G.D.); patrizia.laurenti@ 123456unicatt.it (P.L.)
                [2 ]Woman and Child Health and Public Health, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, 00168 Roma, Italy
                Author notes
                [* ]Correspondence: dott.tamburrano@ 123456gmail.com ; Tel.: +39-329-065-9841
                Article
                ijerph-17-06347
                10.3390/ijerph17176347
                7504047
                © 2020 by the authors.

                Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

                Categories
                Article

                Public health

                eis questionnaire, emotional intelligence, survey, students, midwifery, medical education, nursing

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